English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 4 From the Diary of Anne Frank Free Solution of Extra Questions and Answers – Extract Based Questions Short Answer Questions Long Answer Questions and Value Based Questions
FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK
Extract Based Questions
EB 1. Writing in a diary is a really strange experience for someone like me. Not only because I’ve never written anything before, but also because it seems to me that later on neither I nor anyone else will be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old school girl.
1. Who is referred as ‘I’ in the above extract?
2. Which word in the extract mean ‘thoughts’?
3. What is name of elder sister of ‘I’?
4. What did ‘I’ write in the beginning of her diary?
EB 2. No, on the surface I seem to have everything, except my one true friend. All I think about when I’m with friends is having a good time. I can’t bring myself to talk about anything but ordinary everyday things. We don’t seem to be able to get any closer, and that’s the problem.
1. Which group of words in the extract mean ‘superficially’?
2. Write antonym of ‘everything’.
3. How many true friends did Anne have in her school?
4. What according Anne was the problem with her current friends?
EB 3.To enhance the image of this long-awaited friend in my imagination, I don’t want to jot down the facts in this diary the way most people would do, but I want the diary to be my friend, and I’m going to call this friend ‘Kitty’.
1. Who was Anne’s long awaited friend? What was the name of this friend?
2. In reference to the extract, what is meaning of the phrase ‘to jot down’?
3. Why did Anne need a diary’?
4. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘decrease’?
EB 4. My father, the most adorable father I’ve ever seen, didn’t marry my mother until he was thirty-six and she was twenty-five. My sister, Margot, was born in Frankfurt in Germany in 1926. I was born on 12 June 1929. I lived in Frankfurt until I was four. My father immigrated to Holland in 1933. My mother, Edith Hollander Frank, went with him to Holland in September, while Margot and I were sent to Aachen to stay with our grandmother.
1. What was the age of Margot, when her father immigrated to Holland?
2. In which town Anne’s grandmother lived?
3. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘loving’?
4. For how many years Anne lived in Frankfurt?
EB 5. Anyone could ramble on and leave big spaces between the words, but the trick was to come up with convincing arguments to prove the necessity of talking. I thought and thought, and suddenly I had an idea.
1. What was the topic of the essay?
2. What according to Anne is the main point of the essay?
3. Which word in the extract means ‘challenge’?
4. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘gradually’?
EB 6. The class roared. I had to laugh too, though I’d nearly exhausted my ingenuity on the topic of chatterboxes. It was time to come up with something else, something original. My friend, Sanne, who’s good at poetry, offered to help me write the essay from beginning to end in verse and I jumped for joy.
1. Why Mr. Keesing had asked her to write another essay?
2. What was new in this essay writing?
3. Why did the class roar?
4. What word in the extract is synonym of ‘creativity’?
EB 7. It was about a mother duck and a father swan with three baby ducklings who were bitten to death by the father because they quacked too much. Luckily, Mr Keesing took the joke the right way. He read the poem to the class, adding his own comments, and to several other classes as well. Since then I’ve been allowed to talk and haven’t been assigned any extra homework.
1. Why did father swan kill its three ducklings?
2. Which word in the extract mean ‘fortunately’?
3. Why Mr. Keesing allowed Anne to talk in the class?
4. What word in the extract is synonym of ‘many’?
EB 8. Our entire class is quaking in its boots. The reason, of course, is the forthcoming meeting in which the teachers decide who’ll move up to the next form and who’ll be kept back. If you ask me, there are so many dummies that about a quarter of the class should be kept back, but teachers are the most unpredictable creatures on earth.
1. Why entire class was quacking in its boots?
2. What result did Anne expect for herself?
3. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘fools’?
4. What word in the extract means ’25 percent’?
EB 9. I get along pretty well with all my teachers. There are nine of them, seven men and two women. Mr Keesing, the old fogey who teaches maths, was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much. After several warnings, he assigned me extra homework. An essay on the subject, ‘A Chatterbox’. A chatterbox — what can you write about that? I’d worry about that later, I decided.
1. Why does Anne call her teacher an old fogey?
2. Which subject was taught by Mr, Keesing?
3. Which phrase in the extract is mean ‘since long time’?
4. What word in the extract means ‘afterwards’?
EB 10. I argued that talking is a student’s trait and that I would do my best to keep it under control, but that I would never be able to cure myself of the habit since my mother talked as much as I did if not more, and that there’s not much you can do about inherited traits.
1. What would Anne try to keep under control?
2. Why would Anne not be able to cure herself?
3. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘always’?
4. What word in the extract means ‘qualities’?
EB 11. All I think about when I’m with friends is having a good time. I can’t bring myself to talk about anything but ordinary everyday things. We don’t seem to be able to get any closer, and that’s the problem. Maybe it’s my fault that we don’t confide in each other. In any case, that’s just how things are, and unfortunately they’re not liable to change.
1. What can Anne think about his friend?
2. Explain ‘unfortunately they’re not liable to change?
3. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘special’?
4. What word in the extract means ‘mistake’?
Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)
SA 1. Why Anne thinks that paper has more patience that people?
Answer: We can write our feelings and thoughts on paper. The paper neither reacts to it nor responds to it. One can say that paper faithfully listens to what is being told to it. We can correct or overwrite what was written earlier.
But people would always react or respond to what is told to them.
Hence Anne says that papers has more patience.
SA 2. What does Anne write about her family in the diary? Explain in brief.
Answer: She had an adorable father. She had loving aunts and a good home. Margot was her elder sister. When her parent moved to Holland she had stayed with her grandmother. She joined her parents after some years. She loved her grandma.
SA 3. How did Sanne help Anne in writing her final essay?
Answer: Sanne was a classmate and a friend of Anne. She helped Anne write the entire essay in verse. The poem turned out to be a very good verse. Her teacher was impressed and allowed her to talk in the class.
SA 4. How did Anne want her diary to be different?
Answer: Anne did not want to write facts in her diary as most people do. She wanted to write her feelings and thoughts in it. She wanted to confide with it and treat it as her friend. She had lovingly called it ‘Kitty’.
SA 5. Why was Anne in tears while leaving her school?
Answer: Mrs. Kuperus was her teacher in school. Anne had developed deep bonding with her. Hence when Anne left the school she was in tears.
SA 6. Why did Anne say that teachers are most unpredictable creatures in the world?
Answer: The teachers decide who will move up and who will remain in the same class.
The mood of the teachers cannot be assessed by a student. This is evident from the essays Mr Kesing gave to Anne. He eventually allowed her to talk in the class.
Therefore Anne said that teachers are most unpredictable creature.
SA 7. What was the story written by Anne in her final essay?
Answer: The final essay was written in the form of a poem. In that poem the father swan killed his three ducklings because they quacked a lot. This deeply affected Mr. Keesing, and he allowed Anne to talk in the class.
Long Answer questions (120-150 words)
LA 1. Paper has more patience than people. Please elucidate.
Answer: Anne had many classmates. But she could not confide with any of them. She could not call any of them as her true friend. She does not entirely blame her friends for such situation. Probably she could not gather enough courage to speak her feelings. Or she feared about response of her friends.
On the contrary, one can express his / her feeling through writing any form of literature. The paper silently absorbs our thoughts. It is possible to make corrections and further improvise our own writings. Such liberty is not available through dialogue.
This aspect is illustrated through essays Anne wrote. Every essay revolved around one central theme. Each was an improvement over the previous essay. Finally her teacher Mr. Keesing was so impressed that he allowed her to talk in the class. Such a situation cannot be achieved through dialogue.
Hence paper has more patience than people.
LA 2. From the diary of Anne Frank’ please write about teacher-student relationship.
Answer: Anne describes anxiety of students about moving up to next class. She clearly talks about jovial atmosphere prevailing in the class. Students appear to be friendly and supportive to each other. A friend helped Anne in writing essay in verse.
One of her teachers Mr. Keesing is disturbed because Anne talked a lot in the class. He gave Anne extra homework to write an essay. This is an innovative way of maintaining discipline that would result into learning for a student. And the student has a chance to express herself.
Creativity of student was promoted through altering the topic a bit and still maintaining the same theme. Eventually the teacher gets so impressed that Anne was allowed to talk in the class. This speaks volumes about goodness of teacher.
Thus atmosphere in class was friendly. It promoted creativity. Teachers were considerate towards feelings of students.
LA 3. Mr Keesing punished Anne by assigning her extra homework. Do you think he lacked empathy and was inconsiderate towards his students? Please explain.
Answer: Mr Keesing had punished Anne in a very innovative method. By asking her to write an essay he was trying to employ creativity of the student. He wanted Anne to understand importance of maintaining discipline in the class. At the same time he was giving an opportunity to express herself.
But Anne did not understand importance of discipline after writing first essay. So he gave her next essay on similar theme. Yet another essay was given on similar theme. This time Anne wrote a poem. In which she talked about a father swan who killed his ducklings because they quacked a lot.
Now Keesing understood that Anne took him as a fatherly figure and expected him to take care of her natural traits. Keesing allowed Anne to talk in the class.
Thus we can say that Keesing was full of empathy and sympathy. He believed in honouring thoughts of student.
LA 4. Anne was a matured and creative person. Please justify quoting instances from the lesson ‘From the Diary of Anne frank’.
Answer: At the tender age of 13, Anne could differentiate between an ordinary friend and a true friend. She had the urge to express her feelings. Thus she decided to write a diary. Such thoughts certainly represent that Anne was a mature person.
Mr Keesing gave her an assignment of writing an essay on the topic ‘A Chatterbox’. She avoided to ramble on but wrote with creativity. Even her teacher and the class had a good laugh. Her third essay was in the form of a poem. She narrated that a father swan killed his three ducklings because they were quacking too much. The teacher was so touched that he allowed her to talk in the class. These arrays of essays speak volumes about her creativity.
Thus we can say that Anne was a matured and creative person.
Extract Based Questions
EB 1. Don’t bite your nails, Amanda!
Don’t hunch your shoulders, Amanda!
Stop that slouching and sit up straight,
1. What three instructions Amanda received in the above extract?
2. Which word in the extract mean ‘to bend’
3. Which poetic device is used in ‘Stop that slouching and sit up straight’?
4. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘begin’?
EB 2. (There is a languid, emerald sea,
where the sole inhabitant is me—
a mermaid, drifting blissfully.)
1. What is the coulour of emerald?
2. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘only’?
3. What does Amanda want to be?
4. Which poetic device is used in ‘emerald sea’?
EB 3. Did you finish your homework, Amanda?
Did you tidy your room, Amanda?
I thought I told you to clean your shoes,
1. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘complete’?
2. For which work the speaker is reminding Amanda?
3. Which poetic device is used in ‘Did you finish your homework’?
EB 4. (I am an orphan, roaming the street.
I pattern soft dust with my hushed, bare feet.
The silence is golden, the freedom is sweet.)
1. What does Amanda want to be?
2. Which word in the extract mean ‘moving’?
3. Which poetic device is used in ‘the freedom is sweet’?
4. Which word in the extract mean ‘naked’?
EB 5. Don’t eat that chocolate, Amanda!
Remember your acne, Amanda!
Will you please look at me when I’m speaking to you,
1. According to speaker, why Amanda should not eat chocolate?
2. Who is referred as ‘you’ in the above extract?
3. Which word in the extract mean ‘recall’?
4. What word in the extract mean ‘consume’?
EB 6. (I am Rapunzel, I have not a care;
life in a tower is tranquil and rare;
I’ll certainly never let down my bright hair!)
1. Which poetic device is used in ‘I am Rapunzel, I have not a care’?
2. What does the speaker think about life at tower?
3. Who was Rapunzel’?
4. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘shining’?
EB 7. Stop that sulking at once, Amanda!
You’re always so moody, Amanda!
Anyone would think that I nagged at you,
1. Which poetic device is used in ‘stop that sulking at once’?
2. Which phrase in the extract mean ‘immediately’?
3. Which word in the extract is antonym of ‘appreciated’?
4. Name the poet of above extract.
Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)
SA 1. Why was Amanda scolded for eating chocolate? How does she respond to the advice?
Answer: Earlier when Amanda had eaten chocolate, she had got acne. Her mother reminds her of this previous incident and stops her from eating chocolate.
Amanda does not look at the speaker while receiving the advice. She seems to be ignoring the advice.
SA 2. Was the purpose of giving instructions to Amanda fulfilled?
Answer: No. Giving instructions to Amanda did not serve any purpose. She did not like to receive instructions. She wanted to lead a life of freedom and silence.
SA 3. Amanda imagined herself to be Rapunzel but did not want to let down her hair. Why?
Answer: Rapunzel had long hair. She had let down her hair so that a prince could rescue her.
But Amanda wanted to live alone. She did not want to be disturbed by anyone. So she did not want to let down her hair.
SA 4. What is the theme of the poem Amanda?
Answer: Poet wants to convey that too many instructions to children serve no purpose. Children may get irritated and may start daydreaming of living alone.
So parents should be careful while mentoring children. They should point out good things also about their children.
SA 5. How does Amanda imagine life of an orphan?
Answer: She thinks that an orphan is free to roam about in the streets. She can draw pattern in soft dust using her bare feet. There will not be anyone around to nag her. She thinks that silence is golden and freedom is sweet.
SA 6. What does the speaker tell Amanda in the end? Why the speaker says those words?
Answer: The speaker, her mother, asks Amanda to stop sulking. Mother says that Amanda is always moody.
Mother asks Amanda to stop sulking because otherwise people will think she is nagging at Amanda.
SA 7. Why Amanda appears moody most of the times?
Answer: Amanda does not like to be advised repeatedly. There seems to be an advice for every activity. She feels that she is being nagged.
Hence she is moody most of the time.
Long Answer questions (120-150 words)
LA 1. Bringing up a teenager is a challenge for parents. How do you think parents should mentor their children?
Answer: I am writing this from the perspective of a teenager. I am myself a teenager hence my views would be more realistic.
At this age a child develops better bonding with friends. Mingling among friends means free flow of views, play and carefree attitude. Our mind demands more freedom to develop our own thought.
On the contrary, parents try to exercise more control on children. Restriction for movements are imposed. Their own thoughts are forced upon children. Views of children are mercilessly rejected. Such contrasting attitude between children and elders leads to friction and disobedience.
At this age children want to be guided not controlled. Parents should invite kids for a discussion. It is very important to listen to views of kids. Parents should add their wisdom to thoughts of kids to make a better recipe of life. A free flow of two way communication is a must.
Being an advisor rather than a controller would provide better mentoring to children.
LA 2. Why does Amanda indulge into daydreaming? Please explain.
Answer: Amanda is a teenage girl. In the guise of cultivating better habits, she is being advised about almost everything she does. She is being advised how to sit. She is advised not to eat chocolate. She is reminded about cleaning her room, cleaning her shoes and for completing her homework.
Amanda considers these reminders as a nagging at her. She is annoyed and depressed. She feels that she is also a responsible person and knows her duties and works. But she is not is a position to disobey any of the advice.
She yearns for some freedom, some space for herself. She feels trapped among numerous instructions. There is no scope for her own thoughts and creativity.
She tries to find an escape through her imagination. Therefore she starts daydreaming about situations which would give her peace. She dreams of being at a place where she would be free to do what she likes.