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English CBSE Class 12 NCERT Flamingo Poem 5 A Roadside Stand Line by Line Explanation and Meaning of Difficult Words

A ROADSIDE STAND

(Explanation)

The little old house was out with a little new shed

In front at the edge of the road where the traffic sped,

A roadside stand that too pathetically pled,

Word Meaning
Sped Crossed with high speed
Pathetically Earnestly,
Pled Pleaded, Requested
Poetic Devices
The little old house was out with Alliteration
The little old house was out with a little new shed Repetition
A roadside stand that too pathetically pled, Alliteration
A roadside stand that too pathetically pled, Personification

A small house is situated along the roadside. Residents of this house have extended front of their house to construct a small shed. In this shed they sell some food articles. So it is a shop. The traffic is speeding past the shed. It appears that the shopkeeper is requesting the travelers to stop so that they can sell some goods.

It would not be fair to say for a dole of bread,

But for some of the money, the cash, whose flow supports

The flower of cities from sinking and withering faint.

Word Meaning
Dole Gift, Free of cost
Sinking Drowning
Withering  Decay, Getting bad
Faint Unconscious
Poetic Devices
The flower of cities Metaphor           

It was not correct to say that they wanted to give bread or any other thing free of cost. They want to sell something to earn some money. Availability of money is more in cities. It is money which is supporting development of people staying in cities. The flow of money or availability of money in cities helps people to lead a better life and without problems of adequate food. [Those living in city are able to buy food and those living in villages are not able to buy their food]

The polished traffic passed with a mind ahead,

Or if ever aside a moment, then out of sorts

At having the landscape marred with the artless paint

Word Meaning
Polished Beautiful,
Landscape  Scenery, Topography, View
Marred Disturbed
Artless Ugly

The traffic consists of beautiful vehicles. They cross the shed while going ahead on the road. Sometimes people look towards the side of the road for a moment. They consider the shed as some ugly construction that has destroyed beauty of the area.

Of signs that with N turned wrong and S turned wrong

Offered for sale wild berries in wooden quarts,

Or crook-necked golden squash with silver warts,

Or beauty rest in a beautiful mountain scene,

Word Meaning
Wild berries Berries grown in jungle
Quarts Container
Crook-necked Having long neck
Wart Container
Poetic Devices
with N turned wrong and S turned wrong Repetition
wild berries in wooden quarts Alliteration
golden squash with silver warts Alliteration
Or beauty rest in a beautiful mountain scene Alliteration                          

There is signboard near the shed. The letter ‘N’ is wrongly written. The letter ‘S’ is wrongly written. The shop offers to sell wild berries in a wooden container. The squash is being sold in containers. These containers have long neck and are of silver colour. Some sceneries of beautiful natural scenes of mountains are also being sold.

You have the money, but if you want to be mean,

Why keep your money (this crossly) and go along.

The hurt to the scenery wouldn’t be my complaint

Word Meaning
Mean Selfish
Hurt Insult, Disappointment
Crossly Being angry,
Poetic Devices
You have the money, but if you want to be mean Repetition                       
You have the money, but if you want to be mean Alliteration

You may have the money but still you may not like to spend. You may be selfish and feel that things are costly. In that case you can keep your money with you and go ahead on your journey. [The shopkeeper is expressing his anger]The people of the shop will get disappointed but they will not complain.

So much as the trusting sorrow of what is unsaid:

Here far from the city we make our roadside stand

And ask for some city money to feel in hand

Word Meaning
Trusting Believing
Poetic Devices
Here far from the city Alliteration 

They believe that their life is full of sorrow. But they do not express their sorrow. They feel that they have their shop so far from the city. They also want to earn some money just like people living in city earn.

To try if it will not make our being expand,

And give us the life of the moving-pictures’ promise

That the party in power is said to be keeping from us.

Word Meaning
Expand Grow, Become rich
Poetic Devices
party in power is said to be keeping Alliteration                                  

With the money earned from selling things, they hope to grow at least to some extent. They also want to have a meaning to their life. They want to lead a comfortable life as shown in movies. They are aware of the promise made by those in power. But none of the promise has been fulfilled.

It is in the news that all these pitiful kin

Are to be bought out and mercifully gathered in

To live in villages, next to the theatre and the store,

Where they won’t have to think for themselves anymore,

Word Meaning
Pitiful Showing pity
Kin Family members,
Mercifully With mercy, Showing mercy
Poetic Devices
It is in the news that all these pitiful kin Alliteration                           

It becomes a big news when some people try to help them and their families. Their land has been purchased and they are shifted from villages to cities where cinema halls, shops and big stores are so near. They are promised that their life will be easier cities. They will not need to bother about their future because opportunity to earn is more in cities.

While greedy good-doers, beneficent beasts of prey,

Swarm over their lives enforcing benefits

That are calculated to soothe them out of their wits,

And by teaching them how to sleep they sleep all day,

Destroy their sleeping at night the ancient way.

Word Meaning
Beneficent Charitable, Helping
Swarm To make a group, Crush
Soothe Reduce the problem
Wits Being alert and active
Poetic Devices
Greedy good doers Alliteration                        
beneficent beasts of prey Alliteration
how to sleep they sleep all day Repetition

But in fact those who promise to do something good for villagers are themselves greedy people. They are pretending to benefit these villagers but actually they are making a profit for themselves. Many such people come to village. They affect thinking of villagers which forces villagers to shift to cities. Villagers start thinking that shifting to city will reduce their current problems. In the city the life is different. Many times they need to work in nights so they need to sleep during the day. Their life style goes under a total change. It is not the same old style.

Sometimes I feel myself I can hardly bear

The thought of so much childish longing in vain,

The sadness that lurks near the open window there,

Word Meaning
Bear Tolerate
Longing Desire, Wish
In vain Not successful
Lurks Spreads, Moves close by
Poetic Devices
Sometimes I feel myself I can Repetition
The sadness that lurks near the open window there Personification                            

Sometimes even I feel that it is difficult for villagers  to tolerate their the poor condition. The hope of getting a customer is like a wish of a child. Not many customers come and buy form villagers. A feeling of sadness and sorrow is spread across everywhere.

That waits all day in almost open prayer

For the squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car,

Of all the thousand selfish cars that pass,

Just one to inquire what a farmer’s prices are.

Word Meaning
Squeal A sharp sound (of brake)
Poetic Devices
That waits all day in almost open prayer Alliteration                        
squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car Alliteration

Throughout the day they pray God for customers. It is their prayer that some cars should apply brakes, stop their car and come to their shop. Among thousands of cars, some cars do stop there. But the travelers are interested in knowing rates of things in the village. It is just for comparison of prices.

And one did stop, but only to plow up grass

In using the yard to back and turn around;

And another to ask the way to where it was bound;

And another to ask could they sell it a gallon of gas

They couldn’t (this crossly); they had none, didn’t it see?

Word Meaning
Plow up To turn
Bound Going
Gallon Equal to about 4.2 liters
Gas Fuel
Poetic Devices
one did stop, but only to plow up Alliteration                              
And another to ask the way Alliteration
ask the way to where it was bound Alliteration
They couldn’t ; they had none, Repetition

One car stopped but it had stopped to take a turn. While taking turn it used the open space that was in the front of the shop. So it disturbed the lawn. Another car stopped only to enquire where the road was leading to. [They wanted to confirm if they were travelling in correct direction] . Yet another car stopped to ask if the shopkeeper was selling fuel. The shopkeeper angrily though if they could not see what was being sold.

No, in country money, the country scale of gain,

The requisite lift of spirit has never been found,

Or so the voice of the country seems to complain,

Poetic Devices
No, in country money, the country scale of gain, Repetition                            
voice of the country seems to complain Metaphor

The money available through the sale of things is not sufficient. The villagers have not been to uplift their lifestyle. Hence the villagers always complaint about poor conditions and lack of money.

I can’t help owning the great relief it would be

To put these people at one stroke out of their pain.

Sometimes I imagine to solve all the troubles of villagers in one go itself. This could be a big relief for them. [This could be achieved if everybody buys from villagers.]

And then next day as I come back into the sane,

I wonder how I should like you to come to me

And offer to put me gently out of my pain.

Poetic Devices
I wonder how I should like you to come to me Repetition
to put me gently out of my pain Alliteration

But immediately I realise that this would not be the good for anyone.

I do not know why people living in cities should come to villages. They will not come to village just to respect my thoughts. [To relieve me of my pain]. Or for taking care of people of villagers. [Author himself is sad because of problems faced by villagers. So he equates their sadness to his own sadness]

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Important Links
A Roadside Stand – Textbook Q&A A Roadside Stand – Extra Q&A
A Thing of Beauty – Explanation Aunt Jennifer’s Tiger – Explanation
A Thing of Beauty – Textbook Q&A Aunt Jennifer’s Tiger – Textbook Q&A
A Thing of Beauty – Extra Q&A Aunt Jennifer’s Tiger – Extra Q&A
Passages Note Making
Letter Writing Notice Writing
Advertisement Writing Article Writing
Report Writing

 

 


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