English CBSE Class 10 NCERT Footprints Without Feet Chapter 1 A Triumph of Surgery Free Solution of Extra Questions and Answers – Extract Based Questions Short Answer Questions Long Answer Questions and Value Based Questions
A TRIUMPH OF SURGERY
Extract Based Questions
EB 1. “Well, he has his little walks with me as you can see, but Hodgkin, the gardener, has been down with lumbago, so there has been no ring-throwing lately.”
1. Who is speaker of above line and to whom these lines are spoken to?
2. Who is being referred as ‘he’ in above extract?
3. What is the meaning of ‘lumbago’
4. Write synonym of ‘lately’
EB 2. I looked down again at the little dog. That was the trouble.
1. What trouble is being referred to in this extract?
2. Who is the speaker of above lines?
3. What was the advice given by narrator to the owner of the dog?
4. What is the profession of the speaker of above line?
EB 3. “Poor old lad,” I said. “You haven’t a kick in you but I think I know a cure for you.”
1. Who is being referred to as ‘poor old lad’?
2. Why is he being referred as ‘poor old lad’?
3. What is the meaning of ‘kick in’
4. What was the cure in the mind of narrator?
5. What is the meaning of‘a kick’in above extract?
6. Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘treatment’?
EB 4. ‘And did you cut down on the sweet things as I told you?’
1. What sweet things are being referred to in the extract?
2. Why does the speaker enquire if the sweet things have been cut down?
3. What is the meaning of the phrase ‘cut down’?
(iv) Who is speaker of above line?
EB 5. “Oh I will, Mr Herriot. I’m sure you are right, but it is so difficult, so very difficult.”
1. Who is speaker of above line?
2. What did speaker feel so difficult?
3. Who used to take Tricki for a walk?
4. What did Mr Herriot expect to happen soon?
EB 6. It was a temptation to keep Tricki on as a permanent guest, but I knew Mrs. Pumphrey was suffering and after a fortnight, felt compelled to phone and tell her that the little dog had recovered and was awaiting collection.
1. Who is speaker of above line?
2. What word is used in the extract for ‘a period of 15 days’.
3. What was temptation to keep Tricki as a permanent guest?
4. In which colour car Mrs. Pumphery came to collect Tricki?
EB 7. Mrs. Pumphrey leaned out of the window. Tears shone in her eyes. Her lips trembled.
1. Why did Mrs Pumphery lean out of window?
2. Why Mrs. Pumphery had tears in her eyes?
3. Where did the incidence of the extract had occurred?
4. Write synonym of ‘trembled’.
EB 8. I had made my plans in advance. The only way was to get Tricki out of the house for a period. I suggested that he be hospitalised for about a fortnight to be kept under observation.
1. Who is referred as ‘I’ in above extract?
2. Why was narrator worried?
3. To whom was the suggestion made?
4. What was the first reaction of Mrs. Pumphery after listening to the suggestion?
EB 9. I thought he must be suffering from malnutrition, so I have been giving him some little extras between meals to build him up, some malt and cod-liver oil and a bowl of Horlicks at night to make him sleep — nothing much really.” “And did you cut down on the sweet things as I told you?” “Oh, I did for a bit, but he seemed to be so weak I had to relent. He does love ream cakes and chocolates so. I can’t bear to refuse him.”
(i) Who thought that he was suffering from malnutrition?
(a) James Hariot
(ii) Which of the following things were not being given to Tricky
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2,4 and 5
(iii) Which type of dish doctor had advised to reduce?
(iv) Which expression in the extract mean ‘for some time’?
(a) some little extra
(b) nothing much really
(c) for a bit
(d) bear to refuse
(v) According to extract, classify following as facts or opinion
- I think the dog was suffering because of overfeeding.
- Had Mrs. Pumphery followed advice of Dr. Hariot, the dog would not get sick
- The dog should not have eaten too much.
- To Mrs. Pumphery, the dog seemed quite weak.
(a) F – 1, 2 and O – 3,4
(b) F – 2,3 and O – 1,4
(c) F 1,2,3 and O- 4
(d) F – 1,4 and O – 2, 3
(vi) Answer of which of the following question cannot be ‘nothing much’?
- Do you have some money in your pocket?
- Do you wish to say anything in your defence?
- What did you buy from that shop?
- Do you have enough pencils with you?
EB 10. Later that day, I was present at feeding time. I watched while Tristan slopped the food into the bowls. There was the usual headlong rush followed by the sounds of high-speed eating; every dog knew that if he fell behind the others he was liable to have some competition for the last part of his meal. When they had finished, Tricki took a walk round the shining bowls, licking casually inside one or two of them.
(i) Who is being referred to as ‘I’ in above extract?
(d) None of the above
(ii) Who is Tristan?
(a) a person working at surgery
(b) a person working at the house of Mrs. Pumphery
(c) a gardener
(d) a receptionist
(iii) Why the bowls were shining?
(a) there was enough light
(b) these had been polished
(c) dogs had licked all the food from these
(d) none of the above
(iv) Classify following as facts or opinion
- I think Tricki did not eat during the feeding time
- If Tricki had been quick, he could have got some food
- All other dogs ran to eat food
- I would assume that Tricki was not used to such competition during eating.
- Probably Tristan intentionally did not give food to Tricki
(a) F – 1,2,3 and O- 4,5
(b) F – 1,3,4 and O – 2,5
(c) F – 1,4,5 and O – 2,3
(d) F – 4, 5 and O -1,2,3
(v) The expression ‘headlong rush’ has been used in the extract. Which of the following expression in incorrect in respect of word ‘headlong’
(a) headlong clash
(b) headlong dive
(c) headlong plunge
(d) headlong sleep
Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)
SA 1. Why did Dr. James Herriot expect a call from Mrs Pumphrey?
Answer: Mrs. Pumphrey was not following advice of Dr Herriot about Tricki. So Herriot was sure that health of Tricki would deteriorate. Therefore Mrs Pumphrey would call to take treatment for her dog.
SA 2. What ‘extra’ did Mrs Pumphrey start to give Tricki and why?
Answer: Mrs Pumphrey started giving cod-liver oil and malt between meals. She also gave him Horlicks after dinner.
She thought that her dog was inactive because it was suffering from malnutrition.
SA 3. How do you infer that it was hard for Mrs. Pumphrey to part with her pet?
Answer: When Dr. Herriot informed her that Tricki needs to be hospitalized, she almost fainted. When Dr. Herriot was taking Tricki in his car she cried loudly. She called Dr. Herriot every day to know about Tricki.
Thus we conclude that it was hard for Mrs. Pumphery to part with her dog.
SA 4. How did Dr. Herriot cure Tricki?
Answer: He was given only water for two days. Next day onward he was given normal diet and made to struggle for his food. He was prompted to play and run around with other dogs.
Thus without any medicine, Tricki became active and recovered his health.
SA 5. Briefly describe Herriot’s days of content.
Answer: Mrs. Pumphery used to send eggs, wine and brandy to the hospital for Tricki. Dr. Herriot and his staff used to enjoy eggs at breakfast, wine during lunch and brandy in the night.
These were days of content for Herriot.
SA 6. Why was Mrs Pumphery worried?
Answer: Tricki had become inactive. She thought it was because of malnutrition so she increased his diet. This worsened health of Tricki. He refused to eat his favorite food. He was lying in his rug and panting. He even vomited.
Poor health of Tricki worried Mrs Pumphery.
SA 7. Initially what suggestion Dr Harriot gave regarding Tricki?
Answer: Dr Herriot had advised to reduce feeding sweets to Tricki. He had also advised to give plenty of exercise to Tricki. He advised Mrs. Pumphery to harden her heart and keep Tricki on a very strict diet.
SA 8. Why other dog were initially not interested in Tricki?
Answer: Other dog observed Tricki. They found that Tricki was a fat and lazy dog. They thought Tricki would not be able to play with them.
Hence they were not interested in Tricki.
SA 9. Why did Dr. Harriot ask Mrs. Pumphery to admit Tricki in surgery?
Answer: Tricki had become fat and lazy. Mrs. Pumphery could not implement advice given to her earlier. Instead she had added more food in his diet. To implement strict diet plan and to give good exercise to Tricki, Dr. Herriot asked Mrs. Pumphery to admit him to surgery.
Long Answer questions (120-150 words)
LA 1. Excess of everything is bad. Explain in reference to ‘A Triumph of Surgery’.
Answer: Mrs. Pumphrey was a rich woman who loved her dog very much. She had lot of clothes according to every season for her dog.
She overfed Tricki. Whenever he was inactive, she increased his diet. She added cod-liver oil, malt and Horlicks in his diet. She could never understand that overfeeding was the cause of Tricki’s poor health.
She did not follow the advice of Dr Herriot to reduce diet and to give adequate exercise to dog. While Tricki was in hospital she continued to send eggs, wine and brandy for him.
When Dr Herriot put the dog on normal diet and made him to play and run around, he recovered without any medicine.
It was her excessive affection towards her dog that he fell sick. Hence we must be careful to avoid doing anything in excess. It would surly cause damage to self, friends and society.
LA 2. Narrate incidences from ‘A Triumph of Surgery’ to tell values Dr Herriot possessed.
Answer: Dr. Herriot was a capable veterinary doctor. He quickly understood the cause of poor health of Tricki. He had advised Mrs. Pumphery to reduce diet for the dog and give him good exercise.
He had a good understanding. He realized that Mrs. Pumphery would not be able to control diet of Tricki. So he convinced her to admit the dog in his hospital for some time.
He was practical. Having understood the cause of poor health of the dog, he did not give any medicine to Tricki. He cured Tricki by controlling his diet. He prompted Tricki to play and run around with other dogs.
He was polite. He avoided answering questions of Mrs. Pumphery about diet and clothing of Tricki. He requested Mrs Pumphery to remain seated in the car and himself brought Tricki to her.
Thus Dr Herriot was a practical and good natured person.
LA 3. How life of Tricki was different at the surgery?
Answer: Tricki was overfed at his house. He had the luxury of consuming sweets, cod-liver oil, malt, Horlicks, eggs, wine and brandy. He had different clothes for different season and days. He had little exercise at this house.
At the surgery he was given only water for first two days. Third day he could not eat anything because his responses were slow. Next day onward he started actively to consume food for himself. There was no pampering.
He was prompted to play and run around with other dogs of surgery. Soon he started enjoying friendly scrimmages, being bowled over, tramped and squashed every few minutes. He became a member of the crew. He fought like a tiger for his share during mealtimes and hunted rats at night.
He never had such a life at his house.
LA 4. Dr Herriot was a good doctor. He treated Tricki through his common sense and practical approach. Please explain.
Answer: Dr Herriot was certainly a good doctor. During his initial visits itself he understood the reason of Tricki’s sickness. Mrs. Pumphery was overfeeding her dog. The dog was not getting adequate exercises.
Dr. Herriot realized that Mrs. Pumphery cannot control diet of Tricki. So he convinced her to admit the dog in his hospital for some time.
Dr Herriot did not give any medicine to Tricki. The dog was given only water for first two days. Third day he could not eat anything because his responses were slow. Next day day onward he started actively to consume food for himself.
Tricki was prompted to play and run around with other dogs. He started enjoying friendly scrimmages, tramped and squashed every few minutes. He fought for his share during mealtimes and hunted rats at night. Soon recovered fully.
Thus through his common sense Dr Herriot treated Tricki.