English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 11 The Proposal Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
Thinking about the Play
Q 1. What does Chubukov at first suspect that Lomov has come for? Is he sincere when he later says “And I’ve always loved you, my angel, as if you were my own son”? Find reasons for your answer from the play.
Answer: Initially Chubukov suspects that Lomov had come to borrow some money.
Chubukov is not sincere in telling Lomov that he had always loved Lomov. Because he had initially suspected Lomov and had decided not to give any money.
Chubukov told these words only after he came to know that Lomov had come to propose her daughter
Q 2. Chubukov says of Natalya: “… as if she won’t consent! She’s in love; egad, she’s like a lovesick cat…” Would you agree? Find reasons for your answer.
Answer: When Chubukov understood that Lomov had come with a marriage proposal for Natalya, he immediately agreed. He even said that Natalya was in love with Lomov.
But I think that was not the truth. Lomov and Natalya fought with each other about ownership of Oxen Meadows and superiority of their dogs. They insulted each other’s forefathers. Natalya teased Lomov. It is clear from the text that they did not have faith on each other.
Q 3. (i) Find all the words and expressions in the play that the characters use to speak about each other, and the accusations and insults they hurl at each other. (For example, Lomov in the end calls Chubukov an intriguer; but earlier, Chubukov has himself called Lomov a “malicious, doublefaced intriguer.” Again, Lomov begins by describing Natalya as “an excellent housekeeper, not bad-looking, well-educated.”)
|Speakers||Words of insults||Words of appreciation|
|Chubukov about Lomov||Pettifogger, Intriguer, Malicious, Villain, Scarecrow, Blind hen, Turnip ghost, Stuffed sausage, Wizen faced frump, Pup, Fool, Milksop||My angel, My beauty, My precious|
|Lomov about Chubukov||Grabber, Intriguer, Old rat, Jesuit||Honoured,|
|Lomov about Natalya||Excellent housekeeper, Not bad looking, Well educated, Honoured|
|Natalya about Lomov||Impudent, Rascal, Monster, Backbiter|
(ii) Then think of five adjectives or adjectival expressions of your own to describe each character in the play.
|Chubukov||Short tempered, Pettifogger, Obedient to daughter, Opportunistic, Straight forward|
|Lomov||Ambiguous, Sick, Believer of past, Pettifogger, Rigid|
|Natalya||Greedy, Pettifogger, Rigid, Emotional, Arrogant|
(iii) Can you now imagine what these characters will quarrel about next?
Answer: Probably they will continue to fight about their dogs. They may also fight about who proposed whom.
Thinking about language
I 1. This play has been translated into English from the Russian original. Are there any expressions or ways of speaking that strike you as more Russian than English? For example, would an adult man be addressed by an older man as my darling or my treasure in an English play?
Read through the play carefully, and find expressions that you think are not used in contemporary English, and contrast these with idiomatic modern English expressions that also occur in the play.
|Expression not used in contemporary English|
|My beauty, My precious, My angel, My beloved|
|and so on|
|and all sort of things|
|The scarecrow, The stuffed sausage|
|Expression used in modern English|
|I beg your pardon|
|My dear fellow|
|Malicious, Fool, Villain|
3. Look up the following phrases in a dictionary to find out their meaning, and then use each in a sentence of your own.
(i) You may take it that
You may consider that or you may understand
You may take it that I am a good singer but actually I am merely a beginner.
You may take my thoughts as against you but these are words of wisdom.
(ii) He seems to be coming round
He is not telling directly
He spoke about weather before he asked for help. He seemed to be coming around
(iii) My foot’s gone to sleep
My foot has become numb
I have been sitting on chair for a long period. My foot has gone to sleep.
II You must have noticed that when we report someone’s exact words, we have to make some changes in the sentence structure. In the following sentences fill in the blanks to list the changes that have occurred in the above pairs of sentences. One has been done for you.
1. To report a question, we use the reporting verb asked. (as in Sentence Set 1).
2. To report a statement, we use the reporting verb said
3. The adverb of place here changes to there
4. When the verb in direct speech is in the present tense, the verb in reported speech is in the past tense (as in Sentence Set 3).
5. If the verb in direct speech is in the present continuous tense, the verb in reported speech changes to past continuous tense. For example, is getting changes to was getting.
6. When the sentence in direct speech contains a word denoting respect, we add the adverb respectfully in the reporting clause (as in Sentence Set 1).
7. The pronouns I, me, our and mine, which are used in the first person in direct speech, change according to the subject or object of the reporting verb such as I to he, me to him, our to theirs or mine to her , in reported speech.