English CBSE Class 11 NCERT Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
LANDSCAPE OF THE SOUL
Understanding the text
Answer: The European painter wants the viewer to look at the painting exactly the way he saw it himself. Thus the European paintings represented illusionistic likeness of the real world. The blacksmith had drawn an image of a fly that looked so real. The master tried to kill it by a swat. A famous painter did not draw eyes of dragon because he feared that dragon may come out of the painting.
The Chinese painter does not want to represent only one view. He believes that a viewer can look at his painting from different perspectives. This would require scrolling through the painting as well as active participation of mind. Chinese believe that every landscape is a spiritual and conceptual space. The painter Wu Daozi is said to have walked into his own painting. The king though standing nearby, could do nothing about it.
Answer: Viewing every landscape requires a physical activity as well as the spiritual and conceptual aspect.This concept is expressed as Shanshui, literally meaning ‘moutainwater’. When used together these represent the word landscape. The mountain or the vertical part is called Yang and the horizontal part resting on earth is called ‘Yin’. These two are the complementary poles reflecting the Daoist view of the universe.
Answer: This is the work of art made by a person who has not been formally trained.
Answer: Nek Chand has been called as the “untutored genius who created a paradise
He has created Rock Garden in Chandigarh. This has been created using sculpted stone and recycled material.
Talking about the text
Answer: An Emperor is the owner of the territory he rules. He may expand his kingdom by winning other areas. He makes rules and regulation for the kingdom. These are followed by every person living in the country.
An artist makes piece of arts that could be painting, sculptures or artefacts. These are created by the imagination and creativity of the artist. Before getting created these are within the mind and heart of the artist. Nobody can control such imagination.
Thus it is said that “The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within.”
Answer: The Chinese painters did not believe in drawing painting as it existed in the world. He incorporated his own imaginations and feelings in making paintings. The Chinese painters wanted the viewer to actively participate – physically as well as mentally. Thus while making and viewing the landscape, the inner feeling, the spiritual values and the conceptual aspects were utilized.
Hence “The landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.”
Working with words
Answer: A piece of rectangular or other geometric form used for decorating or painting.
Answer: A group of people having similar qualification assigned to give a collective decision.
Answer: A group of people assigned for a special work or purpose
Answer: A component of any geometrical shape fixed in a frame. The frame would be of different material or of the same material.
Answer: A group of people having knowledge about the subject under discussion. Normally the discussion takes place publicly.
Answer: A specified part of the bigger thing. This is used for a special purpose.
Answer: The main aspect
Answer: The most important characteristic
Answer: Utility, Value
Answer: Fragrance or flavour
The room, apartment or the work place where an artist makes painting or other artworks.
The building where shooting of films can take place. It has some basic facilities for this purpose.
A company engaged in making of films or other artistic works like musical records etc.
A room where photographs are clicked and / or printed.
A room with special equipment where recording of television, radio or music is made.
An implement having bristles. It is used for painting, for cleaning and for combing / arranging hair.
A brief meeting with someone
Pieces of carbon or metal that serves as point of electrical contact in a moving part
To touch gently and lightly
To push away something with a jerk.
Matter or the substance
Information, data or facts
Physical world that believes in monetary and materialistic aspects
Significant or major
Information or data that is very important for a cause.
Answer: While European art tries to achieve a perfect, illusionistic likeness, the Asian art tries to capture the essence of inner life and spirit.
Answer:The Emperor commissions a painting and appreciates its outer appearance, whereas the artist reveals to him the true meaning of his work.
Answer: The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered but the artist knows the way within.
THE VOICE OF RAIN
Think it out
Answer: The first voice belongs to the rain and the second voice belongs to the poet.
And who art thou? said I to the soft-falling shower, is the voice of poet.
I am the Poem of Earth, is the voice of rain
Answer: It was very strange that the rain spoke and gave an answer. It was not expected. This is the meaning of phrase ‘strange to tell’.
Answer: Through the line ‘For song, issuing from its birth-place, after fulfilment, wandering Reck’d or unreck’d, duly with love returns’, a similarity between rain and song has been drawn.
The song originates in the heart of a writer. It is sung for many people thorough out the world. But it always comes back to the writer to make him feel happy.
Similarly, the vapour starts forming from the earth. It travels high up, changes its form and travels long distances as clouds. And finally it comes back to Earth in the form of rain to purify and beautify its place of origin.
Answer: The poem has narrated that vapour rises from water bodies of earth. High in the sky form of vapour changes to water and it starts raining.
In the books of science also a similar description is provided. Water rises in the form of vapour. It condenses in sky and water droplets are formed. When these water droplets become big enough these start falling on earth in the form of rain.
Answer: These lines are not part of the poem. These are added by the poet to draw out similarity between rain and song.
Poet has conveyed a very strong message through these lines to remain attached to one’s roots.
Rise and descend
Day and night
Falling and upward
Changed and same
Unborn and life
- I asked the gently falling rain that who was it.
- The rain replied to me that it was the Poem of the earth.
- The rain told that its vapours rise very high in the sky. It is never ending process.
- The rain is like a song. It originates for earth which is called its birth place. It moves to different places – from water bodies to sky, and then travels as a cloud. But it comes back to fulfil requirement of earth. Whether any body cares or does not care for the work done by it, rain continues to do its work. It returns to its original place with lots of love.