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English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 4 From the Diary of Anne Frank Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers

FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK

(Textbook Questions)

Oral Comprehension Check

Answer: It was a strange experience for Anne Frank because of two reasons. First, she had never written anything before. Second, she was not sure if later she herself or anybody else will ever be interested in thought of a thirteen year old schoolgirl.

 

 

Answer: The main reason which prompted Anne to write a diary was that she did not have a friend.

More than writing a diary, she wanted to get many things off her chest.

Answer: She knew many people but they were not able to become close and true friends. Therefore the desire to express her feelings became stronger. Thus she started writing a diary. She wanted her diary to be her true friend.

 

Answer: Anne thought if she directly started writing her diary, people will not be able to understand it. So she gave a brief sketch of her life before commencement of her diary.

Answer: The year her grandmother died, she did not celebrate her birthday. Next year on her birthday, she lit a separate candle for her grandmother. She had written that no one knew how much she loved her grandmother.

From these incidents we understand that Anne loved her grandmother.

Answer: Mr. Keesing was annoyed with Anne because she used to talk a lot in the class. Thrice he had given her the punishment to write essays. On fourth occasion she wrote essay in poetry form. After that she was not given any punishment from Mr. Keesing.

Answer: She wrote that talking was an essential trait of a student and she will do her best to control. She further wrote that her mother also talked as much as she talked. And she cannot do much about an inherited trait.

Answer: Mr. Keesing wanted his class to maintain discipline. But he did not give any physical punishment. His style of punishing was creative. He had a good and jolly heart as well. We can infer this from the way he had responded to essays written by Anne.

Answer: In her last essay Anne had written a poem. The father swan had bitten his ducklings to death because it quacked a lot. This poem had a great effect on Mr. Keesing. Probably he took himself in the role of a father and allowed Anne to talk in the class.

Thinking about the Text

Answer: I think Anne was right in making this statement while beginning to write her dairy. Most of the people in this world do not give much weightage to the thoughts of a young child.

However, eventually her diary turned out to be a popular document.

Answer: The diary was originally written in Dutch language.

The diary does not resemble with any of the examples given.

Her diary is not the statements of events or facts. She has poured her feelings and thoughts into it. Still it has been written in chronological sequence. Hence it does not entirely match with any single type mentioned in the example. Probably it is closer to memoir.

Answer: Anne thought that people will not be able to appreciate or understand her diary if she started writing it directly. Therefore she gave a brief background of her family and the necessity to write a diary.

She wanted the diary to be her best friend to whom she could express her feelings without any hesitation. Therefore, though physically the diary was an external element but emotionally it was an insider to her.

Answer: Anne feels that her father is the most adorable father in the world.

Anne loved grandmother. Even after death of her grandmother, Anne used to often think about her. She had skipped celebration of her birthday in the year her grandmother had died, Anne had lit a separate candle in the memory of her grandfather on the next birthday.

Anne had an emotional attachment with her headmistress Mrs. Kuperus. She calls their separation at the end of her sixth form a heartbreaking farewell.

Mr Keessing was her maths teacher. She had termed him as an old fogey teacher. He was annoyed because she talked a lot in the class. Anne thought that Mr. Keesing was playing a joke on her by asking her to repeatedly write essay on ‘chatterbox’. Every time she came up with a creative essay and ultimately Mr. Keesing allowed her to talk in the class.

We can infer from above that Anne was a sensitive and creative person.

Answer: She wrote that talking was an essential trait of a student and she will do her best to control. She further wrote that her mother also talked as much as she talked. And she cannot do much about an inherited trait.

Answer: Mr Keesing was certainly unpredictable.

Mr Keesing was annoyed so he had asked her to write an essay. Mr. Keesing had a good laugh at her first essay. But when Anne continued her talking, he repeatedly asked her to write essay on similar topics. He was really impressed when she wrote a poem in her last easy. He had read the poem to other classes as well. Finally Anne was allowed to talk in class.

Answer: These lines indicate that Anne did not have close and true friend. She does not believe in putting all the blame on others. She is ready to introspect.

Answer: She was feeling lonely in her life. Her desire to express her feelings and thoughts was strong. She believed in doing things differently.

Answer: This is quite a funny way of writing meeting between two sisters after a long time. It appears that Margot did not expect Anne to be there. But Anne has not written it clearly.

Answer: This statement tells us that Anne had an opinion about everything that was happening around her.

By calling many students in her class as stupid, she is indirectly declaring herself an intelligent student.

She was not able to understand behaviour of her teachers.

Answer: She believed in doing things in a different way. She was not a person to do things half-heartedly. She wanted to be creative, convincing and impressive

Thinking about language

 

A B(answers)
Heartbreaking Producing great sadness
Homesick Missing home and family very much
Blockhead An informal word which means a very stupid person
Law-abiding Obeying and respecting the law
Overdo Do something to an excessive degree
Daydream Think about pleasant things, forgetting about the present
Breakdown An occasion when vehicles / machines stop working
Output Something produced by a person, machine or organisation
    1. Failing to qualify for IAS was a heartbreaking incident for him.
    2. Living in hostel, soon I became homesick.
    3. Sunil is really a blockhead.
    4. We must become law-abiding citizens.
    5. Please do not overdo your exercise.
    6. Working hard to achieve your goal is required than merely daydreaming.
    7. There was a breakdown in my car, so could not reach my destination in time.
    8. Output from this machine is of good quality.

    Phrasal Verb Meaning
    Plunge in Go straight to the topic
    Kept back Not promoted
    Move up Go to the next grade
    Ramble on Speak or write without focus
    Get along with Have a good relationship with
    Calm down Make (them) remain quiet
    Stay in Stay indoors
    Make up for Compensate
    Hand in Give an assignment to a person in authority

     

    Nervous or scared

    Not to lose hope, Continue to be hopeful

    Since very long time

    Joke would be about him

    (i) caught my eye

    Meaning – Drew or attracted my attention

    A big shining car in front of my school caught my eyes

    (ii) he’d had enough

    Meaning – Do not want more of something. You are unhappy about something and want it to stop.

    Anne has been talking in class since morning. Teacher thought he has had enough of it and decided to punish her.

    (iii) laugh ourselves silly

    Meaning – Laugh a lot

    The boy spilled colour on himself. We laughed ourselves silly at the sight.

    (iv) can’t bring myself to

    Meaning – Unable to accept or do something unpleasant

    I cannot bring myself to your ever increasing mischief.

    1. break somebody’s heart

    Meaning – To cause someone feel sad or disappointed

    Sunil broke his mother’s heart when he refused to take care of her.

    2. close/dear to heart

    Meaning – Something or somebody close to you or you like a lot

    My elder brother is close to my heart.

    Going to hill stations is close to my heart.

    3. from the (bottom of your) heart

    Meaning – With sincere and deep feelings

    I thanked my friend from bottom of my heart for helping me in a difficult situation.

    4. have a heart

    Meaning – To show mercy or pity

    Son requested his father to have a heart and allow him to become an athlete.

    5. have a heart of stone

    Meaning – To be unkind or cruel

    Hitler had a heart of stone.

    6. your heart goes out to somebody

    Meaning – To feel sympathy

    My heart goes to my friend who is studying in spite of his family being poor.

    Doesn’t = Does not

    I’m = I am

    Don’t = Do not

    Won’t = Will not

    Can’t = Cannot

    We’ll = We will

    Haven’t = Have not

    Didn’t = Did not

    Who’ll = Who will

    You’re = You are

    There’s = There is or there has

    He’d = He had or he would

    Who’s = Who is or who has

    It’s = It is or it has

    He’d = He had or he would

    That’s = That is or that has

    I’d = I had or I would or I should

    Speaking

    Now where’s your husband, mistress?

    In his bed. He’s sick and weary. You wouldn’t harm him!

    We’re going to smash his evil work to pieces. Where’s the machine?

     

    On the table yonder.

    Then here’s the end of it!

    And now for your husband!

    Neighbours, he’s a sick man and almost a cripple. You wouldn’t hurt him!

    He’s planning to take away our daily bread… We’ll show him what he thinks him and his ways.

    You’ve broken his machine….You’ve done enough …..

     

    ****

    AMANDA

    (Textbook Questions)

    Thinking about the Poem

    Answer: Amanda is about 12 years old.

    She is a school going children. She has long hair. She is able to complete her homework on her won. She thinks of living alone. Through these we can guess that she is about 12 years old.

    Answer: Her mother is speaking to her.

    Answer: These represent thoughts of Amanda to the scolding or advice given by her mother. Poet wants reader to distinguish between advice of her mother and thoughts of Amanda.

    Answer: The speaker in stanzas 2, 4 and 6 is Amanda. These represents thought of Amanda. The speaker of other stanzas is her mother.

    Though Amanda can hear words of her mother, but Amanda is not paying any attention to her. Amanda does not like to be advised or instructed. She is generating her own thoughts to avoid getting repeated instructions.

    Answer: Amanda would be roaming around happily and freely in the sea. She would be the only creature in the emerald sea. She would not have any restriction on her way of life. She would do what she likes.

    Answer: Amanda is not an orphan.

    It is really sad that she desires to be an orphan. This thought represents that she is fed up with constant nagging of her mother. She wants to be a free person who could do what she liked. She wants to be alone and be in a lonely peaceful surroundings.

    Answer: Rapunzel is a fairy tale character. She was imprisoned at the top of a tower by a witch. She lived alone there. A prince comes near the tower. Rapunzel drops her long hair from window of the tower. The prince climbs the tower using her hair as a rope. He rescues Rapunzel from the tower.

    Amanda wants to be Rapunzel because she wants to live alone in this world. She would not allow any prince use his hair as a rope to rescue her.

    Answer: The girl wants to have freedom from constant advice. She wants a space for herself where she would be able to do whatever she liked.

    It looks like Amanda is a girl who does not want to get controlled. She thinks that she is a grown up child and knows what is good for herself. Actually, this represents situation of every teen age child.

    Answer: Amanda is not sulking or moody. She does not like that her mother should nag her for every little thing. She does not want to learn manners her mother is trying to teach her. She wants freedom for living according to her own wish. She is ready to live alone.

    ****

    Important Links
    From the Diary of Anne Frank – Explanation From the Diary of Anne Frank – Extra Q&A
    Two Stories about Flying – Explanation The Hundred Dresses I – Explanation
    Two Stories about Flying – Textbook Q&A The Hundred Dresses I – Textbook Q&A
    Two Stories about Flying – Extra Q&A The Hundred Dresses I – Extra Q&A
    Re-arrange Exercises Error Finding Exercises
    Active-Passive Rules Gap Filling Exercises
    Passages Direct-Indirect Speech Rules
    Story Writing Tips Letter Writing

     


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