English CBSE Class 12 NCERT Flamingo Chapter 1 The Last lesson Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
THE LAST LESSON
Think as you read
Q 1. What was Franz expected to be prepared with for school that day?
Answer: Franz was expected to be prepared for a test on participles.
Q 2. What did Franz notice that was unusual about the school that day?
Answer: It was very still and quiet at the school. When Franz entered the class late, M Hamel did not scold him. Hamel was wearing a ceremonial dress. On the back benches some villagers were sitting quietly.
Q 3. What had been put up on the bulletin-board?
Answer: An order had been put up at the bulletin board. It said that only German was to be taught in schools of Alsace and Lorraine.
Q 4. What changes did the order from Berlin cause in the school that day?
Answer: The school was very quiet and still on that day. M Hamel was wearing his ceremonial dress. He was very kind to all students. He was very emotional. At the back benches many villagers were sitting. It was the last lesson in French. From the next day, German was to be taught.
Q 5. How did Franz’s feelings about M Hamel and school change?
Answer: Franz came to know that it was the last lesson of M Hamel. He also understood that it was the last lesson in French.
He felt sorry for himself because he had not learnt his lessons properly. Now his books looked like his friends.
Now he felt emotionally attached to M Hamel. Franz forgot about ruler and cranky ways of teaching of Hamel.
Understanding the text
Q 1. The people in this story suddenly realise how precious their language is to them. What shows you this? Why does this happen?
Answer: Several elderly people of the town were sitting in the class. One of them had even brought his primer book. M Hamel, the teacher, was unusually calm. Students were eager to learn more and more. All these indicate that people loved their language.
It was suddenly ordered that German will be taught in school. People of the town had become emotional about their language and they realised their love for French.
Q 2. Franz thinks, “Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons?” What could this mean?
Answer: Franz understood that people of Prussians wanted people of the town to learn German. Eventually everybody would be speaking German language. At this point he makes the statement.
This statement of Franz is a satire on the order issued by Prussian. It can even mean that whatever they try, the language of the all the people cannot be changed. Some innocent people would continue to speak their native and natural language.
Talking about the text
Q 1. “When people are enslaved, as long as they hold fast to their language it is as if they had the key to their prison.” Can you think of examples in history where conquered people had their language taken away from them or had a language imposed on them?
Answer: It had happened in India. The Mughals had introduced Urdu in India. Most of the official work was being done in Urdu language. Till about 50 years ago, many native elderly people did not how to read and write Punjabi language. But they were proficient in Urdu.
The British had introduced English language in India. It is slowly overtaking other languages of India.
There are many examples across the world when a conqueror had imposed their language on native people. Germans, USA, Russia and England had done this.
Q 2. What happens to a linguistic minority in a state? How do you think they can keep their language alive? For example:
Punjabis in Bangalore
Tamilians in Mumbai
Kannadigas in Delhi
Gujaratis in Kolkata
Answer: They keep their language intact by talking among themselves in their native language. They continue to see movies of their own language. They subscribe to newspaper and journals of their own language. Several religious rituals are carried out through a priest of their own native place. The marriage would take place in their native area and they regularly visit their native place.
These are some of the means through which they keep their language alive.
Q 3. Is it possible to carry pride in one’s language too far? Do you know what ‘linguistic chauvinism’ means?
Answer: One should take pride in one’s own language. In fact it comes so naturally to everybody.
‘Linguistic chauvinism’ means an excessive love towards one’s language and hatred to other language. One would try to propagate one language over any other language.
Let us understand that the world around us is changing at a very fast pace. People have moved to different places. This is true with respect to a town, city, state, country and the whole world. Mixing of people has brought about a change in the language. Many times the need of a common language becomes essential.
Under these circumstances changes in language is naturally happening almost everywhere in the world.
Working with words
1. English is a language that contains words from many other languages. This inclusiveness is one of the reasons it is now a world language, For example:
Find out the origins of the following words.
|Trek||South African Dutch|
2. Notice the underlined words in these sentences and tick the option that best explains their meaning.
(a) “What a thunderclap these words were to me!”
The words were
(i) loud and clear.
(ii) startling and unexpected.
(iii) pleasant and welcome.
Answer – (ii)
(b) “When people are enslaved, as long as they hold fast to their language it is as if they had the key to their prison”
It is as if they have the key to the prison as long as they
(i) do not lose their language.
(ii) are attached to their language.
(iii) quickly learn the conqueror’s language.
Answer – (ii)
(c) Don’t go so fast, you will get to your school in plenty of time.
You will get to your school
(i) very late.
(ii) too early.
(iii) early enough.
Answer – (ii)
(d) I never saw him look so tall.
(i) had grown physically taller
(ii) seemed very confident
(iii) stood on the chair
Answer – (ii)
Read this sentence
M. Hamel had said that he would question us on participles. In the sentence above, the verb form “had said” in the first part is used to indicate an “earlier past”. The whole story is narrated in the past. M. Hamel’s “saying” happened earlier than the events in this story. This form of the verb is called the past perfect.
Pick out five sentences from the story with this form of the verb and say why this form has been used.
1. He had never explained everything with so much patience.
Reason – The act of explaining happened before it was noticed.
2. The hopvine that he had planted himself twined about the windows to the roof.
Reason – the act of planting had happened earlier than climbing to the roof
3. M Hamel had said that he would question us on participles
Reason – The act of saying had happened earlier
4. Hauser had brought the old primer.
Reason – The act of bringing the book had occurred before it was noticed.
5. When I had got a little over my fright.
Reason – He had overcome his fright prior to next activity.
1. Write a notice for your school bulletin board. Your notice could be an announcement of a forthcoming event, or a requirement to be fulfilled, or a rule to be followed.
XYZ Public School
28th Jan 20xx Sports Day Celebration
This is to inform to all students that sports day will be celebrated in the school on 5th Feb 20xx during school hours. Academic classes will not be held on that day. Students should register their names with respective class teacher. List of events has been pasted in every class.
- One student can participate in max three events.
- Students shall come in their respective house dress.
- Wearing sports shoe is must.
- Last date for submitting entry is 3rd Feb 20xx
2. Write a paragraph of about 100 words arguing for or against having to study three languages at school.
Language connects people. Most of the people feel emotionally closer and friendlier if they talk in their native language. Knowing one more language gives access to one more set of literature. It enhances our thought process. It builds our vocabulary. It helps ourselves in connecting with more people.
Gone are the days when people used to stay at their native place. People move out. It could be for travel, for study, for job or for business. Knowledge of an additional language comes very handy in such situations.
In fact knowledge of an additional language during school days, orients one to acquire more languages. Thereby giving an additional edge over others.
Therefore I am in favour of introducing learning of third language in schools.
Nowadays, academic curriculum of school has become very wide. Contents of each subject has become thick. A student is finding it difficult to study everything. Many educationist are advocating reduction in curriculum.
School authorities put pressure on students to get more marks. The fierce competition beyond the school has put lot of stress on students. Add to it the pressure from parents on the students.
The time available to engage in sports and recreational activity has greatly reduced. Nobody would limit journey of a child between classroom in his school and his study room at home. Let there be an opportunity to look beyond these two compartments.
In this back drop, compulsion to learn one more language would be an additional burden on students. I do not advocate it.
3. Have you ever changed your opinion about someone or something that you had earlier liked or disliked? Narrate what led you to change your mind.
We live on 3rd floor of a multi-storied building. My father works in a town about 175 KM away. He comes home every week end.
Next to our flat lives a young couple of about 35. Early morning they go out together in their car and return late in the evening. They do not mingle with others. The lady never replied to my greetings. Somehow I developed a disliking towards the couple.
One day my mother fell sick. It was around 10 PM. She had high fever. I called many people in the society but none answered my call. Finally I called the couple living next to me.
Immediately they took my mother to hospital. Handled all expenses themselves. They both were in the hospital till my father arrived next morning.
My mother soon got well. My parents and I went to their home to express our gratitude. We understood that they worked as high officials in a reputed bank. Every day they go to a orphan house to help kids learn English. They have devoted all their spare time for this activity.
My thought towards them changed for the better.