English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 11 The Proposal Line by Line Explanation and Meaning of Difficult Words
|Dress-jacket||A formal jacket|
The scene is of drawing-room in the house of Chubukov. Lomov enters the room. He is wearing a formal jacket and white gloves. Chubukov gets up to meet him.
|Squeezes his hand||Does hand shake|
Chubukov welcomes Lomov. He says that it is so nice to see him. I am very happy. They shake hands. My dear, it is a surprise to see you here. How do you do.
Lomov thanks him and asks how he is doing.
|My angel||My dear|
|My treasure||An important person, My love|
Chubukov replies that they are somehow doing well. He thanks Lomov for his greetings and addresses him as an angel. He asks Lomov to remember that they are neighbours. Why are you wearing such a formal evening dress, gloves and other things? Are you going anywhere?
|My precious||My dear, An important person|
Lomov says that he has come to meet honourable Stephan Stepanovitch.
Chubokov asks why he is wearing an evening dress. It looks as if you have come here on the eve of New Year.
Lomov tells Chubukov that he has come to meet Chubukov, the honourable Stepan Stepanovitch. He has come here to make a request to Chubukov. Earlier I have already made requests to you once or twice to help me and I must say that you have always …. I request you to excuse me because I am getting a bit excited. I want to drink some water.
|To count on||Demand|
Chubukov speaks to himself. He (Lomov) has come to borrow some money. I will not give him any money. But loudly he asks Lomov what is the purpose of his visit.
Lomov tries to speak but he is not able to speak continuously. I beg your pardon. I am highly excited. You might have noticed it. You only can help me though I do not deserve it. Certainly I do not have any right to demand for your help.
|This very minute||Right now|
Chubukov advises Lomov not to speak around whatever he wants to say. He request Lomov to directly tell what he wants to say.
Lomov says that he will tell right then. I have come her to ask the hand of your daughter Natalya. [Means he wants to marry Natalya who is daughter of Chubukov]
|By Jove||By God|
Chubukov is very happy to listen this. He says my God, please say it again Ivan Vassilevitch. I could not hear properly.
Lomov says that he has the honour to ask …
|Interrupt||Stop in between,|
|Continual desire||Non-stop desire,|
|Off the balance||Surprised, Confused,|
Chubukov starts speaking before Lomov could complete his talk. Chubukov says that he is so happy to know that Lomov wants to marry his daughter. He hugs and kisses Lomov. He says that he has been hoping for this since quite long time. It has been my non-stop wish to marry Natalya to you. I have always loved you as if you are my own son. May God always help and love both of you. But why I am behaving like a fool? I am not able to say anything properly. Probably I am surprised and very happy. Now I will go and call Natasha.
|Greatly moved||Highly emotional, Highly impressed|
|Lovesick cat||One who is in love|
Lomov become highly emotional. He asks Chubukov if he can be certain that Natalya would agree for the marriage.
Chubukov replies that she would certainly agree. I am surprised by your question. I think she already loves you. I will come back very soon. He goes out to call Natalya.
|Make up mind||To decide|
Lomov is now thinking to himself. It is cold and I am shivering as if I am about to give an examination. The main thing is that I should take a decision. If I take more time to think, hesitate, talk a lot, search for an ideal or a real love I shall never get married. It is really cold. Natalya takes good care of house. She is not bad looking and is well educated. What more should I want.
Lomov continues to think. But I am getting some noise in my ears due to excitement. (He drinks some more water) And I surely want to get married. Firstly, I am already 35. One can say that it is critical age. [Meaning that he should have got married earlier] Secondly, I must live a peaceful and regular life.
|Palpitation||Strong and rapid heartbeat|
Lomov continues to think. I am suffering from strong and rapid heartbeats. I get excited easily and always get very upset. Even now my lips are trembling. My right eyebrow is shaking. But the worst everything is the way I sleep.
As soon as I go to bed and try to sleep, suddenly my left side gets a pull. I can feel that pull in my shoulders and head. Then I jump out of bed like a mad person. I walk a bit and again lie down in the bed. But as soon as I start sleeping I can feel another pull. And this sequence may happen twenty time. (Natalya enters the room)
Natalya is surprised to see Lomov there. She says that her papa had told that some seller had come to sell some articles. How do you do Ivan Vassilevitch?
Lemov asks how is honourable Natalya.
Natalya says that she is feeling sorry for her casual dress of apron and night gown. She requests Lomov to sit down. She informas that they were getting the outer-cover of groundnut removed. She asks Lomov why he had not come there since a long time. She asks if he would like to take lunch.
Lomov replies that he has already taken lunch
|Matches||Matchbox and its sticks|
Natalya asks Lomov to smoke if he wants. She says that there is a matchbox. The weather is very good. But yesterday it was raining therefore workers did not do any work. How much grass you have cut and arranged.
|Going to a ball||Going to a party|
Natalya says that she felt very greedy and got the grass of the full field cut. Now I am not happy because rain will spoil the grass. I must have waited a bit more. But why are in your evening dress. I have never seen you in this dress. Are you going for a party? You look better in this dress. But please tell me why are you wearing such good cloths?
Lomov very excitedly tells honourable Natalya that he has decided to request her to listen to him. Certainly you will be surprised or probably you may become angry. He tells to himself that it is very cold.
Natalya asks him what is the matter? She requests him to tell.
|Late Aunt||Aunt who has expired|
|Inherited||Received as a heir|
Lomov tells Natalya that he will speak in short. Honourable Natalya, you must know that since my childhood I know your family. You are aware that I got my land from my late aunt and her husband. They always had a great respect for your father and your late mother.
|Affectionate||Fond of , Liked|
|Birch||Type of tree|
|Birchwoods||Area where birch trees are planted|
The Lomov family and Chubukov family have always been friendly to each other. We have always liked each other and have respect for each other. My land is next to your land. Please recall that our Oxen Meadows touch you birchwoods.
Natalya interrupts Lomov and asks if he said ‘my Oxen Meadows’. But is that land yours?
Lomov replies yes that land belongs to him.
Natalya says Oxen meadows belongs to them.
Lomov replies honourable Natalya that land belongs to him.
|Make out||Find out, Come to know|
|Wedged in between||Lying between|
|You are mistaken||Your understanding or belief is wrong|
Natalya says she did not know that before. She asks how did Lomov come to know about it?
Lomov explains that he is talking about the land that is between their birchwood and the Burnt Marsh.
Natalya says that land belongs to them.
Lomov says honourable Natalya, your belief is wrong. That land belongs to him.
Natalaya tells Lomov to recall since what time that land had been his.
Lomov says he remembers it since very long time that the land has always been his.
Natalya expresses surprise and says that she does not believe this.
Lomov says that she can check from records. It is true that once upon a time there was a dispute about Oxen Meadow. But now everybody knows that the land belongs to me. There is no argument about it.
|In perpetuity||For ever|
Lomov explains that grandmother of his aunt had allowed workers of your father’s grandfather to stay in that land for ever. But in return of this permission, the workers were required to make bricks for her without any cost. Because workers of your father’s grandfather were not paying any rent, they developed the habit of saying that the land belonged to them.
Natalya says this is not the truth. Her grandfather and great grandfather knew that their land extended up to Burnt Marsh. Which means that Oxen Meadow is our land. There is nothing to argue about it. Your arguments is foolish.
Lomov says that he can show her records of the land.
|Dessiatins||Unit of area in Russia|
|Rouble||Currency of Russia|
|Cannot stand unfairness||Cannot tolerate cheating|
Natalya says that Lomov is joking or making a fun of her. For about three hundred years the land has been with us. And suddenly you tell us that the land belongs to you. I cannot believe my ears Ivan. These meadows are not so costly for me. Area of this land is only five dessiatins and its cost is about 300 roubles. But whatever you say, I cannot tolerate unfairness.
Lomov requests Nataya to listen to him. I have already explained to you that workers of your great grandfather used to make bricks for grandmother of my aunt. Grandmother of my aunt wanted to keep them happy …
|Can’t make head or tail||Cannot understand anything|
Natalya say she is not able to understand anything that Lomov is telling about aunts and grandfathers. The meadows are ours and that is final.
Lomov says that it belongs to him.
Natalya says that Lomov can continue to try to prove for two complete day or he can wear fifteen jackets. But the land belongs to us, it is ours. I do not want to take any land that belongs to you and I do not want to give you anything that is ours. It is final.
Lomov says that he does not want meadows but he was talking on principles. If you like the meadows, I will give it to you as a gift.
Natalya says that she can gift the meadows to Lomov because it belongs to her. Mr Ivan, your behaviour is very strange. This is the minimum I would say.
Till now we have always considered you as a good neighbour and a friend. Last year we gave our threshing machine to you on loan. Because of that, we had to postpone threshing of our grains till Novemeber. But you are treating us like outsiders.
You are giving me my own land. This not the behaviour of a good neighbour. You may like to know that in my opinion your behaviour is disrespectful and rude.
|Grab||Snatch, Occupy forcibly|
Lomov says it means Natalya had determined him to be person who would forcibly occupy a land. Madam in my life I have not snatched land from anybody. I will not allow anybody to put such blame on me. (He quickly moves to a jug and drinks more water). He says that Oxen Meadows are his.
Natalya says it is not true. The land is ours. Lomov says the land is his.
|Mowers||People who cut grass|
|This very day||Today itself|
|Give it in the neck||Beat, Punish|
Natalya says that it is not true and she will prove it. She will send his workers to the Meadows today itself to cut grass.
Lomov says that he will beat them.
Natalya challenges Lomov to do that.
|Shout hoarse||Shout loudly|
|Excruciating||Severe, Acute, Intense|
Lomov puts his hand on his heart and says that Oxen Meadows are his.
Natalya asks him not to shout. She says that he can shout loudly in his own house but in her house he must control himself.
Lomov says that now his heart is painfully beating rapidly. And my whole body is upset. Otherwise I would have talked to you in a different way. He says in very loud voice that Oxen Meadows belong to him.
Chubukov asks what has happened. Why are you shouting.
Natalya asks her papa to tell Lemov who is the owner of Oxen Meadows.
Chubukov tells that the land belongs to them.
|Accustomed to it||Used to it, Have a habit|
Lomov say to Chubukov how can that be yours. Please be a reasonable person. My aunt’s grandmother gave it to peasants of your grandfather for temporary use. The workers had used the land for forty years. They got used to staying on it and started calling it their own land.
Chubokov tells Lomov that the workers did not pay anything to your grandmother because the land was in dispute. Now everybody knows that the land belongs to us. It only means that you have not seen the plan.
Lomov says that he will prove that land belongs to him.
Chubokov says that Lomov will not be able to prove.
Chubukov asks Lomov why he is shouting. You will not prove anything by shouting. I do not want to listen to you. I do not want to give up what I own. If you continue to argue with me, I will give the Meadow to the workers than to you.
Lomov says that the property does not belong to Chubukov. Therefore he does not have any authority to give it to anyone.
Chubukov says he knows what authority he has. Young man nobody has ever spoken to me in such tone. My age is double of your age. Therefore I ask you to speak to me without getting angry.
|Have someone on||Make fun of|
Lomov says that he is not a fool and does not want to make fun of himself. You are calling my land as yours. In spite of that you want me to talk to you peacefully and politely. Good neighbours do not behave like that Mr. Stepan. You are not a neighbour . You are a land grabber.
Chubukov asks Lomov to repeat what he has said.
Natalya asks her father to immediately send people to cut the grass at meadows.
Chubukov asks Lomov what did he say.
Natalya declares that Meadows belongs to them and she will not give it to anyone.
Lomov say that he will take the dispute to the court and then he will show them the proof.
|On the look out||To find an excuse, In the search of|
|Pettifogger||One who fights for small reasons|
Chubukov tells that Lomov can take the matter to the court. I know you are trying to find an excuse to go to the court. You are a person who will fight even for small reasons. Every member of your family is of that nature.
Lomov asks Chubukov not to worry about his family members. Family of Lomov had honourable people. They have never tried to make a theft or robbery, like your grandfather did.
|Drunkard||In the habit of drinking|
Chubukov says that the family of Lomov have a history of madness. All of you are mad. Chubukov says that your grandfather was in the habit of drinking. Your younger aunt ran away with an architect.
Lomov says your mother had a hump on her back. Lomov holds his hand to his heart. Something is pulling inside my body. I want to drink some water.
|Guzzling gambler||A habitual gambler|
|Backbiter||Who talk bad about others in their absence|
|Intriguer||One who makes evil plans|
Chubukov says that father of Ivan was a habitual gambler.
Natalya says that mother of Lomov always used to talk bad about others.
Chubukov says that his left foot has gone to sleep. You can make evil plans to harm someone. And everybody knows that during last election … I can see stars, where is my hat.
|Malicious||Ill natured, Evil|
|Double faced||One who talk different at different times|
Natalya says to Lomov that he is a dishonest and a mean person.
Chubukov says that Lomov is a ill-natured and dishonest person, who talks different things at different times
Lomov picks up his hat. His heart is beating rapidly. His foot has become numb. He is going towards the door to go out of the house.
|Rascal||Devil, Scoundrel, Rude|
Chubokov goes behind Lomov and tells him not to come to his house again.
Natalya tells Lomov to take the matter to the court. They will handle it. Natalya says that Lomov is a rude person. We cannot trust such neighbours.
Chubukov says that Lomov is a villain and a dangerous person.
Natalya says that he is a monster. First he took our land. Then has the indecency to abuse us.
|Blind hen||Someone who cannot understand anything|
|Turnip ghost||An untruthful person|
|Confounded cheek||Confused person|
Chubukov says that Lomov cannot understand anything. He is untruthful. (He speaks lies). He is a confused person. And he had come here with a proposal.
Natalya asks what was the proposal.
|Stuffed sausage||Fat person|
|Wizen faced frump||Ugly looking old fashioned person|
Chubukov says that Lomov had come to propose Natalya to marry him.
Natalya says why Chubukov did not tell this before.
Chubukov says Lomov was wearing evening party clothes. He is a fat person. He has face that is thin and looks ill. He is an ugly looking person.
Natalya sits on an easy chair and starts crying loudly. He had come to propose me. She requests her father to bring Lomov back. Chubulov is surprised. Natalya asks her father to bring back Lomov quickly.
Chubukov asks Natalya what is wrong with her. I am such an unhappy person. He holds his head. I want to shoot myself. I have harmed her.
Natalya asks her father to bring back Lomov quickly.
Chubukov asks Natalya to stop crying. Natalya repeatedly asks to bring back Lomov.
Chubokov says Lomov is coming back. He asks Natalya to herself talk to Lomov. He says it is really a problem to be a father of an adult daughter. I will certainly cut my own throat. We abused him, we cursed him, we asked him to leave our house and now you want to talk to him.
Natalya says that all those thing were done by Chubukov.
Chubukov replies that it was not his mistake. (Lomov come back into the room.) Chubukov says to Natalya that she should talk to Lomov.
Lomov is very tired. He says that his heart is beating rapidly. My foot has gone to sleep. Something is pulling inside my body.
Natalya requests Ivan to forgive them. She says that they had become a bit angry. Now I can recall that oxen Meadows are yours.
Lomov says his heart is beating rapidly. My both eyebrows are shaking.
Natalya asks Lomov to sit down. She again says that Meadows were of Lomov. They were wrong.
Lomov says that he had argued on principles. My land is not very costly.
Natalya says that she agrees for the principles. She suggests Lomov to talk about some other thing.
Lomov says that he has a proof that grandmother of my aunt had permitted peasants of your great grandfather …
|Let it pass||Leave the topic|
|Lame||Not able to walk|
Natalya asks Lomov to leave that topic. She tells to herself that it would have been better if she knew how to make him talk. She asks Lomov if he was going for hunting very soon.
Lomove replies that he was planning to go to blackcock after cutting of all the crop. He has a problem. His dog named Guess has become lame.
Natalya expresses her sympathy and asks why Guess has become lame.
Lomov says that probably it twisted its leg or some other dog had bit it. Guess is my best dog. I had purchased it from Mirnov by paying 125 roubles.
Natalya says it was very high price.
Lomov replies that he bought the dog at very cheap price because it is the best dog.
Natalya says that her father had bought his dog Squeezer for 85 roubles. And Squeezer is much better dog that Guess.
Lomov laughs at the statement of Natalya. [Means he is not accepting that Squeezer is better than Guess]
|Overshot||A dog having upper jaw longer than lower jaw|
Natalya says that certainly Squeezer is better that Guess. Squeezer is young and he will grow up. But on number of points won in dog shows and family history, Squeezer is better than the dog owned by Volchanetsky.
Lomov syas that Squeezer is an overshot type of dog. An overshot is considered a bad hunter.
Natalya says that for first time she has heard that Squeezer is overshot.
Lomov assures her that its lower jaw is shorter.
Natalya asks if he had measured its jaws.
Lomov says Squeezer is certainly good at chasing but if it wants to catch anything, it will have problem.
|Thoroughbred||From forefathers of same breed|
|Cab-horse||Horse used for pulling a cab|
Natalya says that our Squeezer is a thoroughbred. He is son of Harness and Chisels. But family history of your dog is not known. He is old and ugly like a horse that pulls a cab.
Lomov agrees that Guess is old but he would not exchange him even for fives dogs like Squeezers. Because Guess a dog but it is very funny to talk anything about Squeezer. Dogs like Squeezer can be found anywhere – under any bush. Even 25 roubles will be a very high price for it.
Natalya says to Lomov that today whatever he is telling is a big lie. First you told that Meadows belong to you. Now you are telling that Guess is better than Squeezer. I do not like people who do not say what they mean to say. You very well know that Squeezer is hundred times better that your foolish dog Guess. And you are saying that Squeezer is not better than Guess.
Lomov says that probably Natlaya is considering him to be a blind or a fool. She must realise that Squeezer is over shot.
Natalya does not agree to it. Lomov asks Natalya not to shout.
Natalya say that all the talk is rubbish and bad. Your dog Guess should be shot down and you want to compare it with Squeezer.
Lomov says that he does not want to continue discussion. His heart is beating rapidly.
Natalya says that those person who do not know anything tend to argue most.
Lomov requests Natalya to remain silent because he is having great pain in his heart. In a very loud voice he tell Natalya to shut up.
Natalya replies that she will not remain silent till Lomov accepts that Squeezer is better than Guess.
Lomov says that Squeezer is hundred time worse. It should be hanged.
Natalya says that there is no need to hang his silly dog Guess because it is already half dead.
Lomov asks Natalya to remain silent because his heart is about to burst.
But Natalya refused to remain silent.
Chubukov comes in and asks what is the matter.
Natalya asks him if their dog Squeezer is better than Lomov’s Guess.
Lomov requests Chubukov to tell only one thing if the Squeezer is overshot or not.
Chubukov replies that it does not matter. Even if it is overshot, it is the best dog in the district.
Lomov asks if his dog Guess is better.
Chubukov advises Lomov not to get excited. Your Guess certainly has many good aspects. He has good family history. He can run fast. He has good body build and many other good things. But it has two defects. It is old and its mouth is short or small.
|Count||A high official in European countries|
|Neck and neck||Very close competition|
|Verst||Distance of about 1.1 KM|
|Whipper-in||Person who whips dogs|
Lomov says excuse me my dear, let us understand the truth. Please recall that on the day of Marusinsky hunt [it was race for the dogs] my Guess had run very close to Count’s dog. Your squeezer was far behind by about one KM.
Chubukov says that it was because Squeezer got hit by the whipper-in of the Count
Lomov says what an argument Chubukov has put. All the dogs were running behind a fox and the Squeezer started running after a sheep.
Chubukov says that it is not true. I am likely to get angry. Therefore please stop arguing. You started arguing because everybody is jealous of other’s dog. We all are like that. You also have the same weakness. I remember everything that had happened during the race.
Lomov and Chubukov both say that they remember everything about the race.
Lomov says that his foot has gone to sleep.
Natalya teases him by questioning what kind of hunter he is. He should go in the kitchen and kill cockroaches. He should not try to hunt foxes.
Chubukov agrees with Natalya and says that Lomov is a bad hunter. He should sit at home with his rapid heartbeats. He should not chase animals. You want to go for hunting but start arguing with people about their dogs. Let us change the topic otherwise I may get angry. You are not at all a hunter.
|Intrigue||To make evil plans|
Lomov says that Chubukov is not a hunter. He goes for hunting to give company to Count and to make evil plans. You are an intriguer.
Chubokov questions the statement of Lomov.
They tell each other to shut up. Chubukov tells Lomov to shut up otherwise he will shoot Lomov just like a partridge.
Lomov tells that everybody is aware that late wife of Chubokov used to beat Chubukov. Lomov is feeling uneasy about his feet and temples.
Chubukov says that Lomov is under the control of his servant.
Lomov feels that his heart is about to burst and his shoulder is breaking. He thinks that he is about to die. He requests to call a doctor.
Chubukov say that he is not feeling well. Chubukov drinks some water.
Natalya asks Lomov what kind of hunter he is. He cannot even ride a horse. She tell his father to examine what is happening to Lomov. She tells that Lomov is dead.
Chubokov says that he is not feeling well, he cannot breathe.
Natalya pulls Lomov’s sleeve and asks what has happened to you. She declares that Lomov is dead. She sits in a chair. She shouts very loudly to call a doctor. When her father asks what has happened, she once again tells that Lomov is dead.
Chubukov looks at Lomov and realised that he was dead. He fills some water in the tumbler (glass) and asks Lomov to drink. But he does not drink. So Chubukov believes that Lomov is dead. Chubukov says that he is very unhappy person. He wants to put a bullet in his own head. He wants to cut his own throat with knife. Lomov moves a bit. Chubukov says Lomov is becoming alive. He gives some water to Lomov, who drinks.
Lomov says that he is seeing stars and mist.
Chubukov asks Lomov to quickly get married. Natalya is ready to marry. He puts Lomov’s hand into hand of Natalya. He gives them blessings. Now I will have peace.
Lomov is not able to understand clearly.
Chubukov again says that Natalya is ready to marry.
Natalya starts crying. She is happy that Lomov is still alive and that she is ready to marry him. Chubukov asks them to kiss each other.
|Weight off my shoulder||Responsibility completed|
Lomov asks to whom should he kiss. Why should he kiss? Now I understand. [He understood that they are getting married]. I am so happy to marry Natalya. He kisses her hand. My foot has gone to sleep.
Natalya says that she is also happy.
Chubukov says that now he has completed his responsibility.
Natalya tells Lomov to accept that Guess is worse than Squeezer. They both do not agree to each other.
Chubokov says that it a nice way of starting a family with an argument. Lomov and Natalya do not agree to each other. Chubukov tries to stop Natalya from speaking. He says that everybody should now drink Champagne.
Curtain falls. The play ends.