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English CBSE Class 11 NCERT Snapshot Chapter 4 Albert Einstein at School Line by Line Explanation and Meaning of Difficult Words

ALBERT EINSTEIN AT WORK

(Explanation)

This narration is about a famous scientist Albert Einstein. It is about his schooldays.

“IN what year, Einstein,” asked the history teacher, “did the Prussians defeat the French at Waterloo?”

“I don’t know, sir,”

Word Meaning
Prussians Germans
French People of France
Waterloo The battlefield where Prussians and French faught

The history teacher asked a question to Einstein. He asked in which year Germans had defeated French in the battle of Waterloo. Einstein replied that he did not know about it.

 

“Why don’t you know? You’ve been told it often enough.”

“I must have forgotten.”

“Did you ever try to learn?” asked Mr Braun.

“No, sir,” Albert replied with his usual unthinking honesty.

The teacher asked him why he did not remember about it. He had been told many times about it. Einstein replied that he had forgotten. The teacher asked him if he tried to memorise about it. Einstein replied in negative. Einstein replied honestly without thinking what would happen to him.

“Why not?”

“I can’t see any point in learning dates. One can always look them up in a book.”

Mr Braun was speechless for a few moments.

Word Meaning
Speechless Not able to say anything
Do not see any point Do not think it is useful
Look up To find out

Einstein further told that according to him it was not useful to remember these dates. Anyone can find these in a book. Mr. Barun, his teacher could not say anything for some time.

 

“You amaze me, Einstein,” he said at last. “Don’t you realise that one can always look most things up in books? That applies to all the facts you learn at school.”

“Yes, sir.”

Word Meaning
Amaze Surprise
At last Finally, In the end

Finally teacher spoke and asked Einstein if he thought that one could find most of the facts in books. Do you think it is true for everything that you are learning at the school. Einstein replied, “Yes sir.”

 

“Then I suppose you don’t see any point in learning facts.”

“Frankly, sir, I don’t,” said Albert.

“Then you don’t believe in education at all?”

“Oh, yes, sir, I do. I don’t think learning facts is education.”

Word Meaning
I suppose I think, I assume
Frankly Honestly, Openly, Really

“May I assume that you do not think useful to remember facts”, the teacher asked Einstein. Albert replied that he really thought so. The teacher asked if Einstein believed in taking education. He replied that he believed in education but he did not want to memorise the facts.

 

“In that case,” said the history teacher with heavy sarcasm, “perhaps you will be so kind as to tell the class the Einstein theory of education.”

Albert flushed.

Word Meaning
Sarcasm Satire
Flushed Felt shy

With a great satire teacher requested Albert to kindly explain his theory of education to the class. Einstein felt quite shy.

 

“I think it’s not facts that matter, but ideas,” he said. “I don’t see the point in learning the dates of battles, or even which of the armies killed more men. I’d be more interested in learning why those soldiers were trying to kill each other.”

Einstein replied that he thought facts are not of much importance. He thought that it was not important to remember date of the battles. It was also not important to know which army killed more soldiers. I want to learn why these soldiers were trying to kill each other. He wanted to know the reason of the battle.

 

“That’s enough,” Mr. Braun’s eyes were cold and cruel. “We don’t want a lecture from you, Einstein. You will stay in for an extra period today, although I don’t imagine it will do you much good.

Word Meaning
Cold Without any emotions
Do you much good Will help you much

Mr, Braun, the teacher told Einstein to stop speaking. His eyes were without emotions but cruel. He said that they did not want any lecture from Einstein. You will stay in the school for an extra class. But the teacher thought that the extra class will not help Einstein.

 

It won’t do the school any good, either. You are a disgrace. I don’t know why you continue to come.”

“It’s not my wish, sir,” Albert pointed out.

“Then you are an ungrateful boy and ought to be ashamed of yourself. I suggest you ask your father to take you away.”

Word Meaning
Disgrace Insult, Dishonour, Stigma
Ungrateful Unthankful, Thankless,
Ought to be Must be
Take you away Withdraw you from the school

The teacher said that it would not help the school also. You are an insult to the school. I do not understand why you keep coming to school. Einstein replied that he too did not want to come to school. The teacher said that Einstein was a thankless boy. He should be ashamed of himself. He advised Einstein to ask his father to withdraw him from the school.

 

Albert felt miserable when he left school that afternoon; not that it had been a bad day—most days were bad now, anyway— but because he had to go back to the hateful place the next morning.

Word Meaning
Miserable Very unhappy, Very dejected
Hateful Unpleasant, Something that generates hate

That afternoon when Albert left school, he was feeling very unhappy. His unhappiness was not because the day was bad for him. Most of the days in school were bad for him. He was feeling sad because next day he will have to again go to that unpleasant place.

 

He only wished his father would take him away, but there was no point in even asking. He knew what the answer would be: he would have to stay until he had taken his diploma.

He had a wish that his father would withdraw him from the school. But it was useless to make a request. Albert knew the answer of his father. His father would tell him to continue going to school till he completes his diploma.

 

Going back to his lodgings did not cheer him up. His father had so little money to spare that Albert had been found a room in one of the poorest quarters of Munich.

Word Meaning
Cheer To make or become happy
Lodgings Place of stay. House
So little money to spare Very less money to spend

Returning to his house from school did not make Albert happy. His father had very less amount of money for spending. Albert was living in a room located in the poorest locality of Munich.

 

He did not mind the bad food and lack of comfort, or even the dirt and squalor, but he hated the atmosphere of slum violence. His landlady beat her children regularly, and every Saturday her husband came drunk and beat her.

Word Meaning
Lack Shortage, Something being less
Squalor Garbage

He was not troubled by bad food, shortage of comfort, dirt and the garbage. But he did not like the violence that occurred there. The landlady of the house used to often beat her children. Every Saturday her husband came come after drinking. He used to beat his wife.

 

“But at least you have a room of your own, which is more than I can say,” said Yuri when he called round in the evening.

“At least you live among civilised human beings, even if they are all poor students,” said Albert.

Word Meaning
Called around Met for a brief meeting

Yuri met Albert for a short period of time in the evening. Yuri told Albert that he should be happy that at least he has a room of his own. Albert replied that Yuri should be happy that he was living among civilized people, though they were poor.

 

“They are not all civilised,” Yuri replied. “Did you not hear that one of them was killed last week in a duel?”

“And what happens to the one who killed him?”

Word Meaning
Duel Fight between two people

Yuri said that those people are not civilized. You must have heard that last week in a fight between two people one person was killed. Albert asked what happened to the person who killed.

 

“Nothing, of course. He is even proud of it. His only worry is that the authorities have told him not to fight any more duels. He’s upset about this because he hasn’t a single scar on his face to wear for the rest of his life as a badge of honour.”

Word Meaning
Scar Mark of injury
Badge of honour Sign of respect

Yuri told that nothing had happened to the other man. He is proud that he had killed a person. He is worried because authorities have told him not fight. He is also very upset that he did not any mark on his face during the fight. He would have considered the scar as a sign of respect or bravery.

 

“Ugh!” exclaimed Albert. “And these are the students.”

“Well, you’ll be a student one day,” said Yuri.

“I doubt it,” said Albert glumly. “I don’t think I’ll ever pass the exams for the school diploma.”

Word Meaning
Exclaimed Say something because of surprise
Glumly Unhappily, Disappointedly

With a surprise Albert asked if they were students. Yuri replied that someday Albert would also be a student. Unhappily Albert said he had doubt about being a student. He thought that he might not pass the exam of school diploma.

He told his cousin Elsa the same next time she came to Munich. Normally she lived in Berlin, where her father had a business.

Next week her cousin Elsa came to Munich. Albert told her the same things that he might not pass the exam. Normally Elsa lived in Berlin. Her father had a business in Berlin.

 

“I’m sure you could learn enough to pass the exams, Albert, if you tried,” she said, “I know lots of boys who are much more stupid than you are, who get through.

Word Meaning
More stupid Less intelligent, More foolish
Get through Pass

Elsa told Albert that she was sure that he would study more to pass the exam. She knew many boys who were less intelligent than Albert but passed the exam.

 

They say you don’t have to know anything—you don’t have to understand what you’re taught, just be able to repeat it in the exams.”

“That’s the whole trouble,” said Albert. “I’m no good at learning things by heart.”

Word Meaning
Learn by heart Memorise

Elsa informed that those boys had told a method to pass the exam. You need not know anything. You need not understand anything. In exam you should repeat whatever is explained in the class. Albert replied that that was his problem. Albert is not able to memorise things.

 

“You don’t need to be good at it. Anyone can learn like a parrot. You just don’t try. And yet I always see you with a book under your arm,” added Elsa. “What is the one you’re reading?”

Word Meaning
Learn like a parrot Memorise without understanding

Elsa explained to Albert that you need not be good at your studies. Anyone can memorise just like a parrot. But you are not trying to memorise. In spite of that I always see that you always have a book with you. Elsa asked which book Albert was reading.

 

“A book on geology.”

“Geology? Rocks and things? Do you learn that?”

“No. We have hardly any science at school.”

“Then why are you studying it?”

“Because I like it. Isn’t that a good enough reason?”

Elsa sighed.

Albert replied that he was reading a book on geology. Elsa was surprised and asked if this subject was taught in the school. Albert replied that subjects of science were not taught in the school. Elsa asked why he was reading the book. Albert said he likes the book therefore he is reading it. Elsa took a deep breath.

 

“You’re right, of course, Albert,” she said. “But it won’t help with your diploma.”

Apart from books on science his only comfort was music, and he played his violin regularly until his landlady asked him to stop.

Word Meaning
Apart from In addition to
Landlady The lady owner of the house

Elsa said to Albert that he was right. But that would not help him pass his diploma exam. In addition to books of science, Albert liked only music. He used to regularly play his violin. But one day the landlady asked him to stop playing violin.

 

“That wailing gets on my nerves,” she said. “There’s enough noise in this house, with all the kids howling.”

Albert was tempted to point out that most of the time it was she who made them howl, but he decided it was better to say nothing.

Word Meaning
Wailing Shouting, (Noise of violin)
Get on my nerves Disturbs me
Howling Shouting
Tempted to point out Wanted to say , About to say

She said that noise of violin disturbed her. There is already lot of noise in the house because my kids always shout. Albert was about to say that most of the time kids were shouting because of her. But he decided that it would be better not to speak anything.

 

“I must get away from here,” he told Yuri, after six months alone in Munich. “It is absurd that I should go on like this. In the end it will turn out I have been wasting my father’s money and everyone’s time. It will be better for all if I stop now.”

Word Meaning
Absurd Foolish, Ridiculous
Go on Continue
Turn out Emerge, Result into, Appear

After being six months in Munich, Albert told Yuri that he wanted to move away from the school and the city. It is foolish that I should continue to study here. In the end it will appear as if I have wasted money of my father and everyone’s time. It would be better to stop going to school.

 

“And then what will you do?” Yuri asked.

“I don’t know. If I go to Milan I’m afraid my father will send me back. Unless…” His eyes gleamed with a sudden idea. “Yuri, do you know any friendly doctors?”

Word Meaning
Milan A city in Italy
Gleamed Started shining
Friendly doctor A doctor known to somebody

Yuri asked Albert what he would do if he stopped going to school. Albert said he did not know. If he went back to Milan, his father would send him back. Suddenly he had an idea and his eyes started shining. He asked Yuri if he knew a friendly doctor.

 

“I know a lot of medical students, and some of them are friendly,” said Yuri. “Doctor, no. I’ve never had enough money to go to one. Why?”

Yuri replied that he knew a lot of medical students. Some of them are friendly to me. But I do not know any doctor. I never had adequate money to pay their fees. Yuri asked Albert why he was asking about a friendly doctor.

 

“Suppose,” said Albert, “that I had a nervous breakdown. Suppose a doctor would say it’s bad for me to go to school, and I need to get right away from it?”

“I can’t imagine a doctor saying that,” said Yuri.

“I must try,” said Albert, “to find a doctor who specialises in nerves.”

Word Meaning
Nervous breakdown Severe depression, stress or anxiety

Suppose I have a severe depression, thought Albert. And a doctor certifies that it is bad for me to go to school and that I should be immediately taken out of the school. Yuri replied that no doctor would ever tell this about Albert. But Albert wanted to try. He wanted to find a doctor who was specialist of nervous system.

 

“There are plenty of them,” Yuri told him. He hesitated for a moment, and then added, rather reluctantly, “I’ll ask some of the students if they know one, if you like.”

“Will you? Oh, thank you, Yuri,” Albert’s eyes were shining.

“Wait a moment, I haven’t found one yet…”

Word Meaning
Reluctantly Unwillingly, Hesitantly

Yuri told that there are many doctors of nervous system. He stopped for a moment and then unwillingly told that he would ask some students about it. Albert thanked Yuri. His eyes were shining with hope. Yuri reminded Albert that he has not yet found a doctor.

 

“Oh, but you will!”

“And if I do I don’t know if he’ll be willing to help you…”

“He will, he will,” declared Albert. “I’m going to have a real nervous breakdown, to make it easier for him.” He laughed merrily.

Word Meaning
Willing Ready
Merrily Happily

Albert replied that Yuri will find a doctor. Yuri said that the doctor might not be ready to help. Albert declared that doctor will surely help. I will have a real nervous breakdown. Therefore it will be easy for the doctor to give the certificate.

 

“I’ve never seen you looking less nervous,” remarked Yuri.

“A day or two at school will soon put that right.” Albert assured him.

Certainly he had lost his high spirits when Yuri saw him next.

Yuri told Albert that he had never seen Albert looking nervous. Albert assured Yuri that after a day or two in the school he will start looking nervous. Yuri met Albert after some days. Certainly Yuri found him less energetic and less active.

 

“I can’t stand it any longer,” he said, “I really shall have a nervous breakdown that will satisfy any doctor.”

“Keep it up, then,” said Yuri. “I’ve found a doctor for you.”

“You have?” Albert’s face lit up. “Oh, good. When can I see him?”

Word Meaning
Cannot stand any longer Cannot tolerate any more
Lit up Started shining
When can I see him When can I meet him

Albert said that he cannot tolerate school any more. I surly have a breakdown that will satisfy a doctor. Yuri said that he had found a doctor for Albert. Face of Albert started shining because of hope. He asked when he can meet the doctor.

 

“I have an appointment for you for tomorrow evening.” Yuri said. “Here’s the address.”

He handed Albert a piece of paper.

“Doctor Ernst Weil—is he a specialist in nervous troubles?” asked Albert.

Yuri told Albert that appointment with doctor is scheduled tomorrow in the evening. He gave the address to Albert in a piece of paper. Name of the doctor was Ernst Weil. Albert asked if he is specialist of nervous troubles.

 

“Not exactly,” Yuri admitted. “As a matter of fact he only qualified as a doctor last week. You may even be his first patient!”

“You knew him as a student, then?”

“I’ve known Ernst for years.” Yuri hesitated for a few moments. “He’s not a fool,” he warned Albert.

Word Meaning
As a matter of fact Actually

Yuri accepted that the doctor was not the specialist in nervous troubles. Actually he became doctor last week. Albert could be his first patient. Albert asked if Yuri knew the doctor since the time he was a student. Yuri replied that he knew Ernst for many years. Then he warned Albert that Ernst was not a fool.

 

“What do you mean?”

“Don’t try to pull the wool over his eyes, that’s all. Be frank with him, but don’t pretend you’ve got what you haven’t. Not that you’d deceive anyone.” Yuri added. “You’re the world’s worst liar.”

Word Meaning
Pull the wool over his eyes Deceive him, To fool him
Pretend Feign, behaving unreally
You are world’s worst liar You get caught while speaking lie

Albert did not understand. Yuri explained that Albert should not try to deceive Ernst. He should freely talk to Ernst. But Albert should not talk about the problem he does not have. You will not be able to deceive him because you get caught while speaking lie.

 

Albert spent the next day wondering what to tell the doctor. When the time arrived for his appointment he had worried over it so much that he really was quite nervous.

“I don’t really know how to describe my trouble, Dr Weil,” he began.

Next day Albert was thinking what should he would tell the doctor? At the time of appointment he was so worried that he was really very nervous. He told Dr. Weil that he did not know how to express about his problem.

 

“Don’t try,” said the young doctor with a friendly smile. “Yuri has already given me a history of the case.”

“Oh! What did he say?”

“Only that you want me to think you have had a nervous breakdown, and say that you mustn’t go back to that school.”

Dr. Weil, with a friendly smile, told Albert not to make an attempt to say anything. He told that Yuri had already told everything about him. Albert asked what was told by Yuri. Dr. Weil talked about the nervous breakdown. He also talked about unwillingness of Albert to go to school.

 

“Oh dear.” Albert’s face fell. “He shouldn’t have told you that.”

“Why not? Isn’t it true, then?”

“Yes, that’s the trouble. Now you’ll say there’s nothing wrong with me, and you’ll tell me to go back to school.”

Word Meaning
Oh dear An expression of disappointment
Face fell Looked disappointed

Albert was disappointed and told that Yuri should not have told that to the doctor. The doctor replied that Yuri should have told because that was the truth. Albert expressed to the doctor that now it has become a problem. You will say that there is no problem with me and I should go back to the school.

 

“Don’t be too sure of that,” said the doctor. “As a matter of fact I am pretty sure you are in a nervous state about that school.”

“But I haven’t told you anything about it,” said Albert, wide-eyed.

“How can you know that?”

Word Meaning
Too sure Very certain
Pretty sure Quite certain
Wide-eyed Saw with eyes wide open

Doctor advised Albert not to be so sure about his own opinion. The doctor actually thought that Albert was nervous about going to school. Albert said that he had not told anything to the doctor. His eyes were open wide with surprise.

 

“Because you wouldn’t have come to see me about this if you hadn’t been pretty close to a nervous breakdown, that’s why. Now,” said the doctor briskly, “if I certify that you have had a nervous breakdown, and must stay away from school for a while, what will you do?”

The doctor told that Albert had come to see him is an indication that Albert has a nervous breakdown. Doctor asked if he gave certificate of nervous breakdown with an advice to not go to school, what will Albert do?

 

“I’ll go to Italy,” said Albert. “To Milan, where my parents are.”

“And what will you do there?”

“I’ll try to get into an Italian college or institute.”

“How can you, without a diploma?”

Albert replied that he will go to Milan in Italy, where his parents stayed. Doctor asked what he would do there. Albert replied that he would go to a college. Doctor said that without school diploma he would not get admission in a college.

 

“I’ll ask my mathematics teacher to give me something about my work, and perhaps that will be enough. I’ve learnt all the maths they teach at school, and a bit more,” he added when Dr Weil looked doubtful.

Albert replied that he would request his maths teacher to give him a certificate about his studies. He thought that such certificate could be sufficient to get admission in a college. He said that he has studied maths subject quite well in the school. He said these lines because Dr Weil had a doubt about his admission to a college.

 

“Well, it’s up to you,” he said. “I doubt if it will come off, but I can see you’re not doing yourself or anyone else much good by staying here. How long would you like me to say you should stay away from school? Would six months be all right?”

Word Meaning
Come off Succeed,

The doctor expressed that plan of Albert is not likely to succeed. But he was sure that it was not useful for Albert to go to school. He asked for how much time Albert wanted his recommendations for staying away from school. He again asked if six months would sufficient.

 

“This is very kind of you.”

“It’s nothing. I’ve only just stopped being a student myself, so I know how you feel. Here you are.” Dr Weil handed him the certificate, “And the best of luck.”

Albert thanked the doctor for his kindness. The doctor replied that he had recently passed out of a college. So he could understand feelings of Albert. Dr. Weil gave the certificate to Albert and wished him good luck.

 

“How much…”

“Nothing, if you have anything to spare, invite Yuri to a meal. He’s a good friend of mine, and yours too, I think,”

Albert asked how much money he should pay for the certificate. Dr. Weil said nothings was to be paid. If Albert had some money he should take Yuri for a dinner. Because Yuri is common friend of both of them.

 

Albert had no money to spare, but he pretended he had and took Yuri out to supper.

“Isn’t it wonderful?” he said after showing Yuri the certificate.

Word Meaning
Supper Dinner

Albert did not have extra money but he wanted to give an impression that he had money. So he took Yuri to a hotel for dinner. He showed the certificate to Yuri and said it was really wonderful.

 

“Yes, it’s fine,” Yuri agreed. “Six months is a good period. This way you won’t actually be leaving the school so if the worst comes to the worst you’ll be able to come back and carry on for your diploma.”

Yuri agreed that it was good to obtain the certificate. This way you will not be actually leaving the school. In the worst situation you could always come back to school to complete your diploma.

 

“I’ll never go back to that place,” Albert assured him. “I’m going to take this certificate to the head teacher tomorrow, and that will be the end of it.”

Albert assured Yuri that he will never study in the school. Tomorrow he will take the certificate to the principal. And that would be his last day in the school.

 

“Don’t forget to get a reference in writing from your mathematics teacher first,” Yuri reminded him.

Mr Koch willingly gave Albert the reference he wanted.

Yuri reminded Albert to take the recommendation letter in writing from maths teacher. Mr Koch was the maths teacher. He readily gave the recommendation letter to Albert.

 

“If I say I can’t teach you any more, and probably you’ll soon be able to teach me, will that be all right?” he asked.

“That’s saying too much, sir,” said Albert.

“It’s only the truth. But alright. I’ll put it more seriously.”

Mr Koch proposed to write that he could not teach more maths to Albert. Very soon Albert would be able to teach me. Albert said that it will be very high recommendation. Mr. Koch said that it was the truth. But he agreed to write the letter in a different manner.

 

It was still a glowing reference, and Mr Koch made the point that Albert was ready immediately to enter a college or institute for the study of higher mathematics.

Word Meaning
Glowing Excellent
Made the point Affirmed, Emphasised

The letter was still an excellent recommendation. Mr. Koch had confirmed that Albert was ready for an immediate admission into a college to study maths.

 

“I’m sorry you’re leaving us, although you’re wasting your time in my class,” he said.

“It’s almost the only class where I’m not wasting my time,” said Albert. “But how did you know I’m leaving, sir?”

Mr. Koch told that he was happy that Albert was leaving the school. He thought it was a waste of time for Albert to attend his class. Albert thought that maths was the only class that he liked. So it was not waste of time. He again asked how did Mr. Koch knew that he was leaving the school.

 

“You wouldn’t have asked me for this reference otherwise.”

“I thought you’d wonder…”

“There’s nothing to wonder about, Einstein. I knew you were going to leave before you knew yourself.”

Mr Koch said otherwise Albert would not have asked for letter of recommendation or reference. Albert said he thought that Mr Koch would be surprised. Mr. Koch replied there was nothing to get surprised. I knew it before you knew about you leaving the school.

 

Albert was puzzled. What did the teacher mean?

He soon found out. Before he had a chance to ask for an interview with the head teacher, he was summoned to the head’s room.

“Well, it saves me the trouble of having to wait an hour or two outside,” he thought.

Word Meaning
Puzzled Could not understand, Confused
Found out Came to know
Head teacher Principal
Interview Discussion
Summoned Called

Albert could not understand what teacher meant to say. Soon he came to know about it. He was called to meet the principal in his room. This happened before Albert could make a request for a discussion with him. Albert thought it was good. Because it will save his one or two hour of waiting time outside the room of principal.

 

He hardly bothered to wonder why he had been sent for, but vaguely supposed he was to be punished again for bad work and laziness. Well, he had finished with punishments.

Word Meaning
Hardly bothered to wonder Did not worry to think
Sent for Called
Vaguely Slightly
Supposed Guessed

Albert did not worry to think why he was called. He approximately guessed that it could be to punish him again for his bad work and laziness. He had been punished many number of times.

“I’m not going to punish you,” the head teacher said, to Albert’s surprise. “Your work is terrible, and I’m not prepared to have you here any longer, Einstein. I want you to leave the school now.”

Word Meaning
Any longer Hence forth, Now onwards

Albert was surprised when the principal said the he did not want to punish Albert. The principal said that work done by Albert was very poor. He was not ready to allow Einstein study in the school now onwards. He wanted that Einstein should leave the school.

 

“Leave school now?” repeated Albert, dazed.

“That is what I said.”

“You mean,” said Albert, “that I am to be expelled?”

Word Meaning
Dazed Greatly surprised, Not able to think anything
Expel Dismiss, To force out

Albert was greatly surprised and repeated, “leave the school now”. The principal confirmed it. Albert again asked if he was being dismissed from the school.

 

“You can take it that way if you wish, Einstein.” The head teacher was not mincing words. “The simplest thing will be for you to go of your own accord, and then the question won’t arise.”

Word Meaning
Take it Consider it
Not mincing words Say directly,
Of your own accord As per your own wish

The principal replied that Albert could consider it that way if he wanted to. The principal was saying everything directly without hiding his thoughts. He suggested that it would be better if Einstein left the school as per his own choice. Then the school will not need to expel him.

 

“But,” said Albert, “what crime have I committed?”

“Your presence in the classroom makes it impossible for the teacher to teach and for the other pupils to learn. You refuse to learn, you are in constant rebellion, and no serious work can be done while you are there.”

Word Meaning
Crime Mistake
Constant Regular,
Rebellion Disobedience, Revolt

Albert wanted to know his mistake. Principal said that because of his presence teachers were not able to teach and students were not able to learn. You do not want learn. You regularly disobey teachers. Teachers cannot do their work while you are in the class.

 

Albert felt the medical certificate almost burning a hole in his pocket.

“I was going to leave, anyway,” he said.

“Then we are in agreement at least, Einstein,” the head said.

Word Meaning
Burning a hole in his pocket Eager to show

Albert felt the eagerness to show the medical certificate to the principal. But he said that he was about to leave the school. The principal said that at least this time we are having similar thoughts.

 

For a moment Albert was tempted to tell the man what he thought of him and of his school. Then he stopped himself. Without another word, holding his head high, he stalked out.

Word Meaning
Tempted to tell Wanted to tell
Stalked out Walked out angrily
Holding head high Feeling proud

Albert wanted to tell what he thought about the principal and the school. But he did not tell. He controlled himself. Without speaking any word he proudly but angrily walked out of the room.

 

“Shut the door after you!” shouted the head.

Albert ignored him.

The principal loudly said to Albert to shut the door while leaving. Albert neglected his instruction.

 

He walked straight on, out of the school where he had spent five miserable years, without turning his head to give it a last look. He could not think of anyone he wanted to say goodbye to.

Word Meaning
Straight on Directly

He walked directly out of the school. He had spent five horrible years in this school. He considered his time spent in school as a waste. While walking out he did not look back to have a last look at the school. He could not think of anybody to whom he wanted to meet before going out of the school.

Meaning that he was dejected. Also that he did not have any friend in the school.

 

Indeed, Yuri was almost the only person in Munich he felt like seeing before he left the town he had come to hate almost as much as the school. Elsa was back in Berlin, and he had no other real friends.

Word Meaning
Indeed Actually, Really

Actually Yuri was the only person he wanted to meet before leaving the town. He hated the town as much as he hated his school. His cousin Elsa had gone back to Berlin. He had no other real friends in Berlin.

 

“Goodbye—and good luck,” said Yuri when he left. “You are going to a wonderful country, I think. I hope you will be happier there.”

Yuri said goodbye to Albert and wished him good luck. He said that Albert was going to a good country. I hope you would be a happier person there.

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