The Beggar Explanation, Line by Line, Meaning of Difficult Words, Class 9 CBSE English Chapter 10 NCERT Moments
(Explanation, Meaning of difficult words)
Author – Anton Chekhov
|Have pity||Show mercy|
|Copeck||Russian coin equal to one hundredth of a rouble|
|I swear it before God||By the name of God I am telling truth|
A person came near me. He told me to look at him. He told that he was a poor person and he was hungry. He had not eaten anything since last three days. He wanted to take shelter. He did not have even five copecks required for this purpose.
|Intrigue||Secret planning against somebody|
|Calumny||False statements or wrong allegations|
He told that he was a school teacher for eight years. But some people were against him. They planned against him. They made some false statements and false allegations against . So he lost his job. Since last one year he is not able to find another job for him.
|Ragged||Wearing torn clothes|
|Fawn coloured||Of light brown colour|
|Suppliant||A person who makes an humble request|
The person to whom the beggar is speaking is an advocate. His name is Sergei. The advocate looked at the torn clothes of the beggar. The coat of the beggar was of light brown colour. His eyes were dull and he looked drunk. He had a red spot on his each cheek. It appeared to advocate that he had seen the beggar somewhere before also.
|To get there||To reach there|
The beggar told Sergei that he had been offered a job. This job is in the state od Kaluga. The beggar further told that he did not have money to reach there. He requested the advocate to help him. He said that he was ashamed of begging. But the situation had forced him to beg.
|Overshoes||Bigger shoes worn over normal shoes|
Sergei looked at the overshoes of the beggar. One was slightly higher and the other was shorter. He suddenly recollected some previous incident.
Sergei asked the beggar to pay attention to what he was saying. Sergei told beggar that the day before the previous day, he had met the beggar in Sadovya Street. At that time you told me that you were a student. Your school had expelled you. That day you did not tell me that you were a schoolteacher in a village. Are you able to recollect?
|Mumbled||Speak unclearly, Murmured|
In an unclear voice the beggar denied it. He was surprised because the advocate had recollected their previous meeting. The beggar said the he was a schoolteacher. He was ready to show documents about it.
|Have done with lying||Stop speaking lie|
Sergei asked the beggar to stop telling lies. He told that the beggar had called himself a student at that time. He had even narrated the reason for his expulsion. Sergei advised the beggar to recollect the incident.
|Swindling||Cheating of money|
|Damn you||An expression of hate|
Sergei became angry and turned his face away from the beggar who was wearing torn clothes. Sergei had an expression of hate on his face. Sergei shouted that the beggar was dishonest. The beggar was trying to cheat people to earn some money. You should be given to police.
|Fiction||Story, A lie|
The beggar put his hand on his heart. He told that he had been telling lies. He accepted that he was neither a teacher nor a student. I have been telling false stories.
|Choir||Group of singers|
The beggar told that earlier he was a part of a Russian group that sang songs. I had the bad habit of drinking. So they removed me from the group. Now I cannot do anything. I tell lies so that I can survive. Nobody will give me anything if I told the truth. I cannot do anything else.
Sergei went close to the beggar. He shouted at him because he was asking what he could do. Sergei advised him that he should work to earn something.
|Chop||Cut into small pieces|
|Wood cutter||Person who cuts or chops wood|
|Sitting without bread||Do not have work, Not able to earn|
The beggar told that he was aware that he should work. But he was not able to find work. Sergei asked the beggar if he would cut wood for him. The beggar agreed. He further told that nowadays even the experienced wood cutter were not able to find work.
|Hastened along||Walked quickly|
Sergei asked the beggar if he would cut wood for him. The beggar agreed. Sergei told that they would know about it very soon. Sergei walked quickly. He was rubbing his hands. They reached Sergei’s home. Sergei asked his cook to come out of the kitchen.
|Scarecrow||A badly dressed person|
|Shrugged shoulders||Raised shoulders for a moment|
|In perplexity||Puzzled, Confused|
|Irresolutely||Without any desire|
Name of the cook is Olga. Sergei asked her to take beggar to the wood shed. She should allow the beggar to chop wood. The poorly dressed beggar raised his shoulders. He looked like a confused person. Though he did not have any desire to chop wood, he went to the wood shed.
|Gait||Way of walking, Posture|
One thing became very clear from the way he walked to the wood shed. He had not agreed to cut wood because he was in need of some work. He had agreed to chop wood because of his pride and shame. Actually he was deceived by his own words he had spoken to the advocate.
|Vodka||A Russian drink|
It was clear that his strength had reduced because he drank too much vodka. He was sick. He did not have any desire to work.
|Hurried into||Quickly went into|
Sergei quickly went into his dining room. From windows of the dining room he was able to see the wood-shed. He could also watch activities being done in the his yard.
Sergei stood near the window. He saw that the cook and the beggar came into the yard through the back yard. Then they went towards the wood-shed. They had walked through the snow that was on the ground.
|Glared||Looked intently, Gazed|
|wrathfully||Angrily, With irritation|
|Companion||One who is together|
Olga looked at the beggar angrily. She pushed him to the side when they reached the shed. She opened the lock of the shed. Then she kicked the door to open it.
|Pseudo-teacher||False teacher, Person claiming to be a teacher|
|Log||Big piece of wood|
|Fist||Hand when one bends finger to touch palm|
Sergei now saw that the false teacher sat on a big piece of wood. He started thinking of something. He had placed his cheeks on his fists. Olga threw an axe towards him. She angrily shouted at him. Sergei could not listen to her voice. But by her lip movements he guessed that Olga was firing the beggar.
|Billet||A big piece|
|Set it up||Arranged|
|Feebly||Weakly, Without force|
Unwillingly, the beggar pulled the big piece of wood towards him. He arranged the piece between his feet. He touched the piece with the axe. He did not apply force. The billet shook a bit and fell down on the ground.
The beggar again pulled the big piece of wood towards him. Carefully he tapped it with the axe. He was afraid that the axe might hit his overshoes or cut off his fingers. The billet of wood again fell on the ground.
|Spoiled man||A person of bad habits|
|Menial labour||Hard work|
Anger of Sergei disappeared. He started feeling sad. He was ashamed of himself. The beggars was a person of bad habits. He was used to drinking. Probably he was sick also. And Sergei had forced such a person to do some hard work.
After about one hour, Olga informed Sergei that the beggar had cut wood. Sergei was happy. He told Olga to give one rouble to the beggar. Sergei advised Olga to inform the beggar that he could come there. He could cut wood on first day of every month. We will always give him work. The advocate is trying to ensure some money to the beggar.
|Waif||A person without home, An unhealthy looking person|
|From that day on||After that day|
The homeless person (the beggar) again came to the house of Sergei on first of next month. He was hardly able to stand on his feet. He was very week. But he did the allotted work. This time he earned half a rouble. After that he used to regularly come there. Every time some work was given to him. So the beggar started earning money.
|Shovel the snow||Remove the snow|
|Put in order||Clean and arrange properly|
|Beat the dust||Remove dust|
On some occasions he removed the snow. Sometimes he cleaned and properly arranged the wood-shed. On other occasions he cleaned blankets and mattresses. He received money for each work. It was between twenty to forty copecks. On one occasion an old pant was given to him.
|Hired him||Engaged him, Took his services|
After Sergei decided to shift to another house. Sergei engaged the beggar to help him in packing and shifting of his furniture. The beggar was not drunk while doing this job. He was sad and silent.
|Making a pretense||Making an excuse, Faking|
The beggar touched the furniture on very less number of times. He walked behind the lorries during shifting. He did not make any excuse to look busy. He was doing all the works with patience.
|Carters||People driving a cart|
|Tattered||Old and torn|
The beggar was shivering because of cold. The drivers of wagons teased him. They teased him because he did not have work. They also teased him because he was wearing torn clothes and a strange coat. They also teased him because he was weak. After all the house hold material had been shifted, Sergei called the beggar.
|Words have taken effect||Advice had an impact|
|For your pains||For the work done by you|
Sergei was happy that his advice had an impact on the beggar. He had started working. Sergei gave him one rouble and told him that it was for the work he had done. Sergei was happy to note that the beggar was not drunk. He did the work willingly. Sergei asked his name. Name of the beggar was Lushkoff.
Sergei told Lushkoff that he could offer some better type of work. Sergei asked the beggar if he knew how to write. The beggar replied that he could write.
Sergei gave a letter to Lushkoff. He asked Lushkoff to go to his friend. He will give some work to Lushkoff. The work will be of copying some documents. Sergei advised Lushkoff to work hard and not to drink. He told the beggar to remember his advice. Sergei said good bye to him.
|Gave him his hands||Shook hands with him|
|From that day forth||From that day onwards, After that day|
Sergei was happy that he had arranged work for a person. He hoped that the person would be on correct path of life. Sergei gently tapped on his shoulder. He shook hand with Lushkoff. Then the two men separated. Lushkoff took that letter from Sergei. After that day Lushkoff never came to work at the house of Sergei.
|Two years passed by||Two years passed|
|Curly fur||A coat made of fur|
|Sealskin||Skin of seal. Seal is an animal that lives in sea|
Two years passed since Sergei and Lushkoff had met. One evening Sergei had gone to a theatre. He was standing in the queue to buy a ticket for him. He noticed that a man of small height was standing near him. He was wearing a coat made of fur. The fur was full of curls. He also had a cap that was made of skin of seal.
|Timidly||In a low voice of request|
That man of small height spoke in a low voice. He requested the person selling tickets to give him a ticket for gallery. He paid the money through coins made of copper.
Sergei recognised Lushkoff who earlier used to chop wood for him. Sergei asked him how was he and what he had been doing. He wanted to know everything about Lushkoff. In a polite voice Lushkoff replied that he was all right. He had become a notary. His salary was thirty-five roubles per month.
|Godson in a sense||Just like my son|
|I gave you a push||I helped you, I showed you the right direction|
Sergei thanked God because everything had become better. He was very happy for Lushkoff. Sergei told that Lushkoff was just like his son. He had helped Lushkoff and shown him the right direction.
|Sinking into ground at my feet||Touching my feet for seeking mercy|
Sergei told that on that day he had given solid rebuke to Lushkoff. He hoped that Lushkoff still remembered that. That day you were touching my feet and begging me to show some mercy on you. Sergei thanked the old man (Lushkoff) for remembering his advice.
|To this day||Till today|
|Dragged myself out of pit||Pulled out from a miserable situation|
Lushkoff thanked Sergei. He said that if he had not met Sergei, even today he would be calling him a student or a teacher. Through your protection and help, I came out of the miserable situation. I am certainly very happy now.
|Noble||Gentle, Kind hearted|
Lushkoff again thanked Sergei for his kind words and what he had done for him. He was very grateful to Sergei and his cook. He said that let God bless the gentle and kind hearted woman.
|Spoke finely||Gave correct advice|
|To my dying days||Till my death|
Lushkoff told that Sergei had given him the correct advice on that day. He shall be thankful to Sergei till his death. But actually your cook Olga had helped me a lot. She gave me all the protection I needed. Sergei wanted to know how Olga had helped Lushkoff.
|Sot||A person who has habit of drinking|
|Ruin||Misery, troubles, Having no money|
Lushkoff continues to narrate.
Whenever I came to your house to cut wood, Olga would sit in front of me. She would say that I was in the habit of drinking. I am a miserable person. I can never get out of troubles. I would always remain a poor person. Then she would become very sad. She would look at me and start crying.
Lushkoff continues to narrate what Olga used to tell him.
She would say that I was an unlucky person. I do not have happiness in the world. I can never become happy in this world. I am a drunkard. I will burn in the hell. I will always be unhappy.
Lushkoff continues to narrate what Olga used to tell him.
Olga would continue to speak in the same manner. Lushkoff is not able to narrate how bad she used to feel. How many times she cried for the sake me. But the main thing is she used to chop all the wood on my behalf.
Lushkoff continues to narrate about Olga.
Lushkoff says that he did not chop even a single piece of wood. She chopped all the wood. Why this acts of kindness save my life? Why did I change? Why did I stop drinking because of her? I cannot explain these to you.
Lushkoff continues to narrate about Olga.
Lushkoff says that he is aware of only one aspect. Because of her advice and kind words, my heart changed. She put me on the right direction. I can never forget this. But now it is time to go. The bell is ringing. The play is about to start in the theatre. Lushkoff bent before me as a mark of respect. Then he went towards the gallery section of the theatre.