English CBSE Class 11 NCERT Snapshot Chapter 4 Albert Einstein at School Free Solution of Extra Questions and Answers – Extract Based Questions Short Answer Questions Long Answer Questions and Value Based Questions
ALBERT EINSTEIN AT SCHOOL
Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)
SA 1. What according to Einstein was not important and what was important to learn in history?
Answer: Einstein thought that learning of dates of battles and which army killed more men was not important. According to him it was important to know why the battle was started or why soldiers were killing each other.
SA 2. What punishment Mr Braun gave to Einstein? What was his advice to Einstein?
Answer: Mr Braun asked Einstein to stay in the school for an extra period. Though he believed that that it would neither help Albert nor the school.
Mr Braun advised Albert to make a request to his father to withdraw him from the school.
SA 3. Why his lodgings did not cheer Albert Einstein?
Answer: His landlady used to regularly beat his children. Every Sunday her husband used to get drunk and beat her. He hated the atmosphere of violence in the slum so his lodgings did not cheer him.
SA 4. How did Yuri describe violence in his locality?
Answer: In a duel one person was killed. The killer was worried because authorities had told him not to fight any more. He was upset because he did not have any scar on his face to wear as a badge of honour.
SA 5. What did Elsa advise to Albert?
Answer: Elsa expressed confidence that Albert could pass the exam. She told Albert that even more stupid boys have passed exam. Elsa advised that Albert need not understand the subject. He needs to repeat his lessons in exam to pass.
SA 6. Apart from books of science what did Einstein like? Why he had to stop this hobby?
Answer: Apart from books of science, Albert liked music. He used to regularly play violin.
His landlady object to it saying that violin made lot of noise. So Albert abandoned his hobby.
SA 7. Why Einstein wanted to consult a doctor?
Answer: Einstein did not want to study in the school. If he left the school his father would again send him back to school.
So he wanted to get a certificate from a doctor to withdraw from school for six months due to nervous breakdown.
SA 8. What did the head teacher told Einstein?
Answer: The head teacher told Einstein that he was not going to punish Einstein. The performance of Einstein was poor, and he did not want him to continue in the school. He advised Einstein to leave the school.
SA 9. Did the head teacher expel Einstein from the school? What was his suggestion?
Answer: The head teacher did not want to expel Einstein from the school.
He advised Einstein that he should leave the school on his own accord. That would keep things simple for Einstein.
SA 10. Why Albert wanted to leave his school?
Answer: Albert did not like method of education in his school. The school curriculum required that he should remember the facts and dates. But he was interested to learn reasons behind any event.
Hence Albert wanted to leave school.
SA 11. How did his maths teacher rate Albert?
Answer: Mr. Koch was maths teacher of Albert. He considered Albert a bright student.
Mr. Koch thought that very soon Albert will learn quite a lot. And soon Albert will be able to teach Mr. Koch.
SA 12. Who was the only friend of Albert in Munich? How did he help Albert?
Answer: Yuri was the friend of Albert. Albert could talk almost everything to Yuri. That was a big relief for Albert.
Yuri had arranged an appointment of Albert with Dr. Ernst. Thus he helped Albert get a certificate about nervous breakdown.
SA 13. Why Einstein was nervous while meeting Dr. Ernst?
Answer: Einstein was not sure how to describe his situation in the school. He did not know how to make a request for certificate about nervous breakdown He had a doubt if the doctor would issue such certificate.
So Einstein was nervous.
SA 14. Why did Albert regard learning dates unimportant?
Answer: Albert thought dates were merely an awareness about an event or a fact. One could always look into the books to know dates. He considered knowledge about reason of an event as true education.
Hence Albert considered learning of dates unimportant.
SA 15. How did his history teacher rate Albert Einstein?
Answer: The history teacher Mr. Braun considered Einstein a poor student who did not want to learn anything. He thought even punishing Albert did not have any impact. He thought that Albert was wasting his father’s money in coming to school.
SA 16. It is a compliment that Yuri calls Albert the world’s worst liar. Please justify.
Answer: Yuri meant that if Albert spoke a lie, he would be easily caught. It implies that Albert was an honest person. He was in the habit of speaking the truth.
This is definitely a compliment.
SA 17. What plan was made by Albert to get admission into a college in Italy?
Answer: Albert planned to leave this school in Munich by submitting a certificate about his nervous breakdown. And then he will move to his father at Milan in Italy.
He would get a reference letter from his maths teacher about his proficiency in maths.
Thus he would be able to get admission in a college in Italy.
Long Answer questions (120-150 words)
LA 1. Describe feelings of Albert towards his school and his lodging.
Answer: Albert did not like to study at his school. The emphasis in his school was to learn several dates and facts. Albert was of the opinion that one could always refer to books to know about facts. He was more interested in knowing reasons behind a development or an event. He was good at maths. His maths teacher regarded Albert as a bright student. Albert liked studying maths.
His lodgings did not cheer Albert. This was located in the poorest part of the city. The food was bad and there was lack of comfort. Dirt and squalor was spread all-round. His landlady objected to playing violin. He had to shun his hobby. The landlady used to beat his children regularly. Her husband used to get drunk every Saturday and beat her. Albert did not like the domestic violence.
LA 2. Yuri helped Albert most in his attempt to move out of Munich. Please elucidate.
Answer: Yuri was the only friend of Albert in Munich. They used to discuss about almost everything.
Albert had expressed to Yuri that he was not interested in studying in the school at Munich. Yuri prompted Albert to think about what he would do once he was out of the school. Actually Yuri wanted Albert to think through the situation and plan for his future education also.
Later Albert planned to take a break from the school with a certificate of nervous breakdown. Yuri arranged an appointment with a doctor known to him. He informed in advance to the doctor about purpose of the Albert’s visit. This was very helpful in getting required certificate from the doctor.
Yuri also reminded Albert to obtain reference letter from his maths teacher before submitting doctor’s certificate to school authorities.
Thus it can be inferred that Yuri helped Albert a lot.
LA 3. Write a pen portrait of Albert Einstein.
Answer: Albert wanted to learn reason rather than facts. It was very difficult for him to memorise from the books. However he was very good at maths – a subject that requires reasoning.
Albert seldom minced his words. Very honestly he expressed his thoughts to his history teacher. He was quite straight forward in his discussion with head teacher.
He was a co-operative person. He obeyed advice of his landlady to stop playing violin. He even tolerated the nuisance due to domestic violence.
He was a friendly person. He discussed his problems with his cousin Elsa. He always banked upon his friend Yuri for discussions and support. Albert had taken Yuri to supper though he did not have much money to spare.
Albert had a determination to succeed. He devised a fool proof plan to leave his school. He also ensured his future education in Italy.
Thus Einstein was a co-operative, straight forward and a determined person.
LA 4. Write character sketch of Dr. Ernst Weil.
Answer: Dr. Ernts Weil was a young, enthusiastic and energetic doctor.Though he had graduated only recently he agreed to see Albert.
He was a daring person. Dr. Ernst was aware that factually Albert did not have a nervous breakdown. But still he was willing to give a certificate to Albert.
Dr. Weil was quite friendly and he believed in friendship. Albert was quite hesitant to express himself but soon Dr. Weil made him become confident. Dr. Weil did not accept any fees from Albert. But he requested Albert to take Yuri for a dinner.
Dr. Weil had a good understanding of human conduct. He had empathy towards others. He quickly understood the situation of Albert. He was himself a student till recently, so he had empathy to every other student.
Thus Dr Weil was a young, daring and friendly person.