English CBSE Class 11 NCERT Hornbill Chapter 3 Discovering the Tut: The Saga Continues Free Solution of Extra Questions and Answers – Extract Based Questions Short Answer Questions Long Answer Questions and Value Based Questions



(Extra Questions)

Extract Based Questions

EB 1. Since the discovery of his tomb in 1922, the modern world has speculated about what happened to him, with murder being the most extreme possibility. Now, leaving his tomb for the first time in almost 80 years, Tut has undergone a CT scan that offers new clues about his life and death — and provides precise data for an accurate forensic reconstruction of the boyish pharaoh.

(i) Who is author of the chapter from which above extract has been taken?

(a) Gordon Cook

(b) Ted Hughes

(c) AR William

(d) Alan East

Answer: (b)

(ii) Which of the following word used in above extract has a different meaning?

(a) possibility

(b) clue

(c) speculated

(d) accurate

Answer: (a)

(iii) Why CT scan was being done on Tut’s mummy?

(a) to know about his health

(b) to know about his life and death

(c) to know about his wealth

(d) to know about his lineage

Answer: (b)

(iv) In which year the CT was had been done?

(a) 1922

(b) 1988

(c) 2002

(d) 2015

Answer: (c)

(v) Prior to the CT scan mentioned in the extract, how many times Tut had undergone CT scan?

(a) once

(b) never

(c) twice

(d) thrice

Answer: (b)

(vi) The word ‘pharaoh’ means

(a) boy

(b) king

(c) minister

(d) scientist

Answer: (b)

(vii) According to the extract, what was the most unlikely cause of untimely death of Tut

(a) murder

(b) fever

(c) cough

(d) Covid

Answer: (a)

EB 2. The world’s most famous mummy glided head first into a CT scanner brought here to probe the lingering medical mysteries of this little understood young ruler who died more than 3,300 years ago. All afternoon the usual line of tourists from around the world had descended into the cramped, rock-cut tomb some 26 feet underground to pay their respects.

(i) Which part of the mummy was first put into the CT scanner?

(a) hand

(b) head

(c) legs

(d) none of the above

Answer: (b)

(ii) Which word as used in the extract mean ‘to investigate’?

(a) lingering

(b) descended

(c) probe

(d) understood

Answer: (c)

(iii) The tomb was constructed in

(a) earth

(b) wood

(c) gold

(d) rock

Answer: (d)

(iv) To whom is ‘young ruler’ being referred to in the above extract?

(a) a king

(b) Tut

(c) a new scale

(d) the operator of CT scanner

Answer: (b)

(v) How deep was the tomb?

(a) 3300 years

(b) 26 feet

(c) about 26 feet

(d) none of the above

Answer: (c)

EB 3. They remain the richest royal collection ever found and have become part of the pharaoh’s legend. Stunning artefacts in gold, their eternal brilliance meant to guarantee resurrection, caused a sensation at the time of the discovery — and still get the most attention. But Tut was also buried with everyday things he’d want in the afterlife: board games, a bronze razor, linen undergarments, cases of food and wine.

(i) To whom does the word ‘they’ refer to in above extract?

(a) friends of Tut

(b) scientists

(c) things found in the tomb

(d) minsters of Tut

Answer: (c)

(ii) Which of the following things were not found in tomb of Tut

  1. board games
  2. cases of food and wines
  3. silver ornaments
  4. gold artefacts
  5. armour
  6. bronze razor

(a) 1 and 5

(b) 2 and 4

(c) 3 and 5

(d) 1 and 4

Answer: (c)

(iii) Which word in the extract mean ‘everlasting’?

(a) eternal

(b) resurrection

(c) afterlife

(d) sensation

Answer: (a)

(iv) Which of the following was not a cause of sensation at the time of discovery

(a) richest ever royal collection

(b) gold artefacts

(c) stunning brilliance of things found

(d) heap of utensils

Answer: (d)

(v)Which of the following word in the extract indicate that Tut belonged to a ruler family?

(a) royal

(b) everyday things

(c) sensation

(d) attention

Answer: (a)

EB 4. When he finally reached the mummy, though, he ran into trouble. The ritual resins had hardened, cementing Tut to the bottom of his solid gold coffin. “No amount of legitimate force could move them,” Carter wrote later. “What was to be done?” The sun can beat down like a hammer this far south in Egypt, and Carter tried to use it to loosen the resins. For several hours he set the mummy outside in blazing sunshine that heated it to 149 degrees Fahrenheit. Nothing budged.

(i) What trouble Carter faced when he reached the mummy?

(a) the coffin could not be opened

(b) body of Tut was stuck with bottom of coffin

(c) he could not apply force

(d) he could not see mummy

Answer: (b)

(ii) In which country the exercise narrated in the extract was being carried out?

(a) India

(b) USA

(c) England

(d) Egypt

Answer: (d)

(iii) Why did Carter place the mummy in the sun?

(a) he wanted to disinfect it

(b) he hoped that the resin would melt

(c) he hoped that the Sun will bless him

(d) it was very dark in the tomb

Answer: (b)

(iv) What was the material of construction of coffin of Tut?

(a) wood

(b) paper

(c) iron

(d) gold

Answer: (d)

(v) To what temperature the coffin got heated after placing in the Sun?

(a) 149 degree Celsius

(b) 149 degree Kelvin

(c)149 degree Fahrenheit

(d) None of the above

Answer: (c)

(vi) Which of the following cannot be inferred by the phrase ‘Nothing budged’?

(a) nothing moved

(b) nothing changed

(c) nothing happened

(d) nothing jumped

Answer: (d)

EB 5. Archaeology has changed substantially in the intervening decades, focusing less on treasure and more on the fascinating details of life and intriguing mysteries of death. It also uses more sophisticated tools, including medical technology. In 1968, more than 40 years after Carter’s discovery, an anatomy professor X-rayed the mummy and revealed a startling fact: beneath the resin that cakes his chest, his breast-bone and front ribs are missing.

(i) Archaeology of these days focuses less on

(a) fascinating details of life

(b) intriguing mysteries of death

(c) treasures

(d) all the above

Answer: (c)

(ii) Carter’s discover was made in the year

(a) before 1928

(b) after 1928

(c) in 1928

(d) in 1968

Answer: (a)

(iii) Who had X-rayed mummy of Tut

(a) a scientist

(b) an archaeologist

(c) a professor

(d) none of the above

Answer: (c)

(iv) Which of the following were found missing during the X-ray

  1. front ribs
  2. back bone
  3. breast bone
  4. hip bone
  5. chest bone

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 1, 3 and 5

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 4 and 5

Answer: (c)

(v) Which word in the passage mean ‘to a great extent’

(a) intriguing

(b) fascinating

(c) startling

(d) substantially

Answer: (d)


EB 6. Amenhotep III — Tut’s father or grandfather — was a powerful pharaoh who ruled for almost four decades at the height of the eighteenth dynasty’s golden age. His son Amenhotep IV succeeded him and initiated one of the strangest periods in the history of ancient Egypt. The new pharaoh promoted the worship of the Aten, the sun disk, changed his name to Akhenaten, or ‘servant of the Aten,’ and moved the religious capital from the old city of Thebes to the new city of Akhetaten, known now as Amarna.

(i) Who ruled over Egypt for about 40 years?

(a) Tut

(b) Amenhotep III

(c) Amenhotep IV

(d) Akhetaten

Answer: (b)

(ii) Whose reign is called the golden age?

(a) Tut

(b) Amenhotep III

(c) Amenhotep IV

(d) Akhetaten

Answer: (b)

(iii) Whose rule is termed as the strangest period in the history of ancient Egypt?

(a) Tut

(b) Amenhotep III

(c) Amenhotep IV

(d) Akhetaten

Answer: (c)

(iv) Which of the following was not initiated by Amenhotep IV?

(a) promoted worship of Aten

(b) changed his name to Akhenaten

(c) increased powers of Pharaoh

(d) shifted his religious capital

Answer: (c)

(v) What is the present name of the city Thebes?

(a) Akhetaten

(b) Amarna

(c) Cairo

(d) None of the above

Answer: (b)


EB 7. The boy king soon changed his name to Tutankhamun, ‘living image of Amun,’ and oversaw a restoration of the old ways. He reigned for about nine years — and then died unexpectedly. Regardless of his fame and the speculations about his fate, Tut is one mummy among many in Egypt. How many? No one knows. The Egyptian Mummy Project, which began an inventory in late 2003, has recorded almost 600 so far and is still counting.

(i) Why the phrase ‘boy king’ has been used for Tut?

(a) he awarded every boy of his kingdom

(b) he was very young when he became king

(c) boys of his kingdom liked him

(d) all of the above

Answer: (b)

(ii) For how many years Tut ruled

(a) less than nine years

(b) more than nine years

(c) nine years

(d) about nine years

Answer: (d)

(iii) How many mummies are there in Egypt?

(a) about 600

(b) more than 1000

(c) no one knows exact number

(d) numbers are confidential

Answer: (c)

(iv) When was Egyptian Mummy Project started

(a) 1992

(b) 2003

(c) 1999

(d) 2002

Answer: (b)

(v) Which of the following was not done by Tut

(a) he changed his name to Tutankhamun

(b) he restored old ways

(c) he ruled for far more than nine years

(d) all of the above

Answer: (c)

EB 8. Twenty minutes later two men emerged, sprinted for an office nearby, and returned with a pair of white plastic fans. The million-dollar scanner had quit because of sand in a cooler fan. “Curse of the pharaoh,” joked a guard nervously. Eventually the substitute fans worked well enough to finish the procedure. After checking that no data had been lost, the technicians turned Tut over to the workmen, who carried him back to his tomb.

(i) Why mummy of Tut was taken out of the tomb?

(a) to place it at a better place

(b) to disinfect it

(c) to wash it

(d) to do CT scan

Answer: (d)

(ii) Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘stopped’?

(a) worked

(b) sprinted

(c) turned

(d) quit

Answer: (d)

(iii) Which procedure is being referred to in ‘well enough to finish the procedure’?

(a) washing

(b) lifting

(c) carrying

(d) scanning

Answer: (d)

(iv) Which part of the scanner had stopped working?

(a) light

(b) X ray

(c) cooler fan

(d) heater fan

Answer: (c)

(v) Who made a nervous joke about curse of pharaoh?

(a) workmen

(b) technician

(c) guard

(d) all the above

Answer: (c)

EB 9. Less than three hours after he was removed from his coffin, the pharaoh again rested in peace where the funerary priests had laid him so long ago. Back in the trailer a technician pulled up astonishing images of Tut on a computer screen. A grey head took shape from a scattering of pixels, and the technician spun and tilted it in every direction.

(i) What was removed from the coffin?

(a) shroud

(b) scanning machine

(c) ornaments

(d) mummy

Answer: (d)

(ii) Within what time mummy was placed back in the coffin?

(a) one hour

(b) two hours

(c) three hours

(d) none of the above

Answer: (c)

(iii) Which machine had been mounted in the trailer?

(a) fans

(b) scanner

(c) calculator

(d) breather

Answer: (b)

(iv) How were images of scanning being viewed?

(a) in a camera

(b) on a computer

(c) on a paper

(d) all the above

Answer: (b)

(v) Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘rotated’?

(a) removed

(b) rested

(c) spun

(d) tilted

Answer: (c)


Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)

SA 1. What important event occurred on 5th Jan 2002 for the mummy of Tut?

Answer: On this day the mummy of Tut was brought out of the coffin for CT scan. It was the first mummy in the world to undergo CT scan.



SA 2. What was the curse of Pharaoh? Who had referred to it in the lesson?

Answer: Death or misfortune would fall upon whosoever disturbed the Pharaoh from his sleep.

The visitors to tomb used to wonder if the curse was true.

Cooler of the CT scan machine stopped functioning at the time of scanning. One of the guards had remarked that it it could be because of curse of Pharaoh.

SA 3. Who was Carter? What damage did he cause to the mummy of Tut?

Answer: Carter was a British archeologist. He had discovered tomb of Tut in 1922. He could not separate the mummy from its coffin. So he cut the mummy in many parts to remove gold from the mummy. Thus he damaged the mummy.



SA 4. What difficulty Carter faced to separate the mummy? What three actions did he take thereafter?

Answer: He could not separate mummy from coffin because resin had become hard.

He placed coffin in Sun but resin did not melt. Then he got resin chiseled away to remove mummy from the coffin. He cut several joints of the mummy to remove gold ornaments.

SA 5. Why many valuable things were placed in tomb of Pharaoh?

Answer: People of Egypt believed in life after death. They thought that it was possible to take things with them even after death. Since Pharaoh were very wealthy, many valuable thing made of gold were also placed in their tomb.



SA 6. How did Carter infer that Tut died in March or April?

Answer: Tut’s mummy was covered with a shroud. Over the shroud garlands of willow, olive leaves, wild celery, lotus petals and cornflowers were placed. Some of these things start growing in March.

It was thus inferred that Tut died in March or April.

SA 7. What problem got developed in the CT scanner? How was it overcome?

Answer: Cooler fans of the machine had stopped working because sand had entered into it. White plastic fans were brought and deployed at the machine. With substitute fans the machine could be started.



SA 8. Who was Tut? How long did he rule? When was his mummy discovered?

Answer: Tut was the last ruler of a powerful dynasty that had ruled Egypt. He ruled for about nine years. His mummy was discover by Howard Carter in 1922.

SA 9. Who were known as Pharaoh? Where were they buried? How many mummies have been discovered thus far?

Answer: Emperors of Egypt were known as Pharaoh. They were buried in ‘valley of the Kings’. Thus far about 600 mummies have been discovered. Efforts to discover more are continuing.



SA 10. Who was Howard Carter? Why is he famous?

Answer: Howard Carter was a British Archaeologist. He was the first to discover a mummy in 1922. In order to remove mummy from the coffin, he got the hard resin chiseled away. To remove gold ornaments from mummy he had cut almost every joint of mummy. Later he reassembled it in a wooden box.

SA 11. Why death of Tut is considered a major event even by royal standards?

Answer: Tut passed away unexpectedly after a brief rule of about nine years. His death caused an end to a long dynasty of Egypt. The cause of his death and events that occurred after his death are not known.

Thus his death is considered a major event.



SA 12. Why efforts of Howard Carter are not appreciated?

Answer: Carter dealt with mummy in unscientific ways. He got the hard resin Chiseled away to separate body from coffin. He cut almost every joint of the mummy to remove gold ornaments. In this severe damage to the mummy was caused.

Therefore his method his criticized by historians.

Long Answer questions (120-150 words)

LA 1. What do you learn about forefathers of Tut in the lesson?

Answer: Amenhotep III was Tut’s father or grandfather. He represented the eighteenth dynasty of the country. He was powerful pharaoh. He ruled for almost four decades. His period is considered the golden age of the dynasty.

Amenhotep IV was the next ruler. His rule is considered as the strangest period in the history of Egypt. He promoted worship of Aten. He changed his name to Akhenaten, or ‘servant of the Aten’. He smashed images and temples of another god Amun. He shifted his capital from the old city of Thebes to the new city of Akhetaten, known now as Amarna. He was termed as a little wacky by Ray Johnson.

After Akhenaten’s death Smenkhkare became king for very brief period. Nothing much is known about him.

Then a young boy became the king. He is known as Tut.



LA 2. Who was Tut? What mysteries still surround about him?

Answer: Tut was the last ruler of a powerful dynasty of Egypt that had ruled for many centuries. He became king at a very young age and died within nine years.

His mummy was found by Howard Carter in 1922. In 1968 a professor of Anatomy X-rayed the mummy. It was discovered that chest bone and front rib cage were missing. It was a startling discovery.

After 2003, CT scan of the mummy was carried out from head to toe. More than 1700 images were taken and a virtual body was created on the screen of a computer. Clear images of skull, neck vertebrae and rib cage appeared.

When did Tut die, cause of his death and events that occurred after his death are still unknown to historians. Thus mystery still surrounds about Tut.


The Laburnum Top

(Extra Questions)

Extract Based Questions

EB 1. The Laburnum top is silent, quite still

In the afternoon yellow September sunlight,

A few leaves yellowing, all its seeds fallen.

1. What is meant by the ‘Laburnum top’?

Answer: By “Laburnum top” is meant the part of the tree where nest for the baby birds is made.

2. Why top of the tree is silent?

Answer: The chicks are not making any sound. Hence the tree is said to be silent.

3. How yellow colour of leaves might have helped baby birds?

Answer: Colour of baby birds of goldfinch is yellow. Yellow leaves of the tree is helping them to hide themselves.

4. What is the poetic device used in second line of the extract?

Answer: Alliteration. The letter ‘s’ is repeated.

EB 2. Till the goldfinch comes, with a twitching chirrup

A suddenness, a startlement, at a branch end.

Then sleek as a lizard, and alert, and abrupt,

She enters the thickness, and a machine starts up

Of chitterings, and a tremor of wings, and trillings —

The whole tree trembles and thrills.

1. With whom movements of bird is compared?

Answer: Movement of goldfinch is compared with a lizard.

2. Why goldfinch enters thickness slowly.

Answer: She does not want other animal to know about the nest for the safety of its chick. So she enters slowly.

3. What is meaning of last line of the extract?

Answer: The whole tree has become alive because of noise produced by chicks of goldfinch.

4. What is the poetic device is used in second line of the extract?

Answer: Alliteration. The letter ‘s’ is repeated.

5. What is the poetic device used in third line of the extract?

Answer: Simile. Movements of goldfinch have been compared with that of a lizard.

6. Who is referred as ‘machine’ in above extract?

Answer: Chicks of the bird are referred as machine in the extract.

EB 3. It is the engine of her family.

She stokes it full, then flirts out to a branch-end

Showing her barred face identity mask

Then with eerie delicate whistle-chirrup whisperings

She launches away, towards the infinite

And the laburnum subsides to empty.

1. What has been termed as engine of her family?

Answer: Her chicks have been called as engine of her family.

2. Where does the bird fly to?

Answer: She flew away from the tree into the sky.

3. What happens to the tree after bird flies away?

Answer: The tree once again becomes silent. .

4. What is the poetic device used in first line of the extract?

Answer: Metaphor. Her chicks have been compared with engine.

5. To whom does the bird show her identity mask?

Answer: The identity mask helps her chicks recognize their mother.

Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)

SA 1. Why does the tree become full of thrill?

Answer: Initially there was silence on the tree. Everything was still. But when chicks saw their mother, they became happy and started making sounds of happiness. Thus the tree became full of thrill.


SA 2. Why movements of bird are alert and abrupt?

Answer: Her chick are very small. They cannot fly. She does not want any other animal or bird to know about presence of her chicks in the tree. Her concern is for safety of her chicks. So she is cautious.


SA 3. What precautions the mother goldfinch took for her movements on the tree?

Answer: The goldfinch first landed at the end of a branch. She carefully moved towards her nest in abrupt movements. On her return, she came to the end of another branch and then flew away.


SA 4. Why does the tree subside to empty?

Answer: After departure of the goldfinch the chick had stopped speaking. Voice of bird was also not heard. There was no tremor of wings or trillings. There was silence on the tree. This silence has been termed as ‘tree subsides to empty’.



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