English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
GLIMPSES OF INDIA
A BAKER FROM GOA
Oral Comprehension Check
Answer: Elders in Goa are nostalgic about good old Portuguese days and the famous loaves of bread. They recall every incident of bakers.
Answer: The bread making is still popular in Goa. The author writes that sons of earlier bakers have carried the family tradition of bread making. They are called as ‘pedar’ in Goa.
Answer: Baker now is called as ‘pedar’ in Goa.
Answer: The baker used to come twice in a day. First in the morning to sell breads. Later he came with his empty huge basket.
The children used to run to baker to eat bread bangles.
|As marriage gifts||Sweat bread called bol|
|For party or a feast||Bread|
|For a daughter’s engagement||Sandwiches|
|For Christmas||Cakes and bolinhas|
Answer: A shirt and a trousers that would reach just below the knees
Answer: A person wearing trousers that reaches just below the knees is termed as being dresses like a ‘pader’.
It was a dress of a baker and bakers used to be called ‘pader’.
Answer: The monthly accounts used to be recorded on a wall in pencil.
Answer: Anybody who is round and plump is called having ‘jackfruit like appearance’.
Thinking about the Text
Answer: Bread is indeed an important part of Goan life.
At every major social occasion a dish of bread needs to be prepared. A sweet bread called ‘bol’ must be prepared during marriages. Every party must have bread. On the occasion of engagement of her daughter, sandwiches must be prepared by the mother. On Christmas, cakes and bolinhas needs to be prepared. Hence we can conclude that bread is an important part of Goan life.
Thinking about the Text
Answer: Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and Mangalore in Karnataka. It is the smallest district in Karnataka.
Answer: As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical.
According to another theory, people of Coorg are originally from Arab. This is supported because they wear a black coat with a waist belt.
Answer: People of Coorg are possibly from Greek or Arab origin. They are fiercely independent people. They are hospitable and brave people. Every house can recall story of valour of their forefathers. The first Chief of Indian Army, Gen Cariaapa was from Coorg. People of Coorg are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without license.
Answer: Spices and coffee are main crops of Coorg.
Answer: Canoeing, trekking, river rafting, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking are the sports tourists enjoy in Coorg.
Answer: Langur, Kingfishers, squirrels, Elephants can be seen in Coorg. Various types of birds, fish, butterflies, slender loris and bees can also be seen,
Answer: Coorg is about 260 KM from Bangalore. There are routes to Coorg from Bangalore.
The first route is via Mysore.
The second route is via Neelmangal, Kunigal and Chanrayanapatna.
To keep visitors away
As one story goes
More than willing to recount
The most laid back individuals become converts to the life of
Keep a watchful eyes
Thinking about Language
(i) culture : unique culture, ancient culture
(ii) monks :Serious monks, ancient monks
(iii) surprise :unforgettable surprise, sudden surprise, pleasant surprise
(iv) experience : unique experience, terrible experience, wide experience
(v) weather :terrible weather, fair weather, lovely weather
(vi) tradition : unique tradition, Cultural tradition, family tradition
(i) tales of ———- – valour, kindness
(ii) coastal ———- – town, belt, area
(iii) a piece of——— – heaven, land, bread,
(iv) evergreen——— – rainforests, literature. song
(v)——– Plantations – coffee, tea
(vi)——–Bridge – rope, hanging
(vii) wild ———— – elephants, creatures,
TEA FROM ASSAM
Thinking about Language
(i) A heavy downpour has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) Rakesh will undergo major surgery tomorrow morning.
(iii) My brother is responsible for the upkeep of our family property.
(iv) The dropout rate for this accountancy course is very high.
(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a walk-in interview.
(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to overthrow the Government. (throw)
(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major breakthrough in cancer research. (break)
(iii) The State Government plans to build a bypass for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)
(iv) Gautama’s outlook on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
(v) Rakesh seemed unusually downcast after the game. (cast)
(i) a good detective serial on television? Interseting
(ii) a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’? Interesting
(iii) how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain? Bored
(iv) how you feel when you open a present? Excited
(v) how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television? Interested
(vi) the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue? Boring
(vii) how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest? Excited
(viii) the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen? Boring
Thinking about the Poem
Answer: Birds cannot live there, insects cannot hide there and there will be no shadow.
Answer: Meaning of sun’s feet is rays of sun.
When there are no trees, the rays fall directly on the surface of earth. So there will be lot of heat. When there are trees on the surface of earth, the sun rays fall on the tree and shadows are created. This is the meaning of ‘sun burry its feet in shadow’.
Answer: The trees are in the house of the poet.
The roots are working throughout the night to disengage themselves from the cracks of veranda floor.
The leaves are pressing against the glass panes of window.
The small twigs have become stiff due to exertion of efforts.
Answer: Poet compares the branches of trees to newly discharged patients from hospital. Such patients move towards exit of the hospital in a state of confusion. The boughs of trees are shuffling under the ceiling to go out of the house to get some fresh air.
Answer: At the beginning of third stanza the poet describes that the complete moon is shining in the open sky.
Towards the end, poet describes the moon as pieces of broken mirror. Meaning that the moon is now visible in small parts.
This has happened because of growth of tree. Earlier there were no trees, so complete moon was visible. Now because of trees complete moon is not visible.
Answer: When trees are moving out, there is a sound of glass panes breaking.
When trees have moved out, the house becomes silent. There is no noise or voice.
Answer: Poet thinks that movement of trees to outside environment or forest may not be valued much by human beings. Although growth of forest and greenery is important for human being, but they seem to neglect this aspect. Hence the poet does not mention it in her letters.
Answer: The poem is a conflict between man and nature. In the greed for comforts and pleasure man is destroying nature. At the same he understands that nature is so much important for him. But man has become so engrossed in himself that he has intentionally shut his eyes.
For his own pleasure man has brought wild animals into cage. Their natural abode forests have been destroyed by man. Thus both poem have a similarity.
The poet suggests that it is the need of the hour to plant more trees in the vacant land. Having decorative plants within the house is not sufficient. Free air and space is required for plants to flourish. In this sense the indoor plants also want to go out and breathe freely.
Answer: If trees were to represent human beings, we can infer a new meaning to the poem. Owing to constant pursuit of comforts man has become confined to his own house. The belongingness and social aspects have taken a back seat. Such condition has put lot of emotional stress on human beings. They want to unshackle it and emerge into free space to enjoy the nature.
If trees were to be taken as women, it gives yet another meaning to the poem. Since ages, women have been put under restriction and confinement. Personal growth and development have been denied to them. But thought process of women has now grown. They are now aware of their rights, freedom and abilities. Women of this era want to grow in the world hitherto denied to them.