English CBSE Class 10 NCERT First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
GLIMPSES OF INDIA
A BAKER FROM GOA
Oral Comprehension Check
Q 1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about?
Answer: Elders in Goa are nostalgic about good old Portuguese days and the famous loaves of bread. They recall every incident of bakers.
Q 2. Is bread-making still popular in Goa? How do you know?
Answer: The bread making is still popular in Goa. The author writes that sons of earlier bakers have carried the family tradition of bread making. They are called as ‘pedar’ in Goa.
Q 3. What is the baker called?
Answer: Baker now is called as ‘pedar’ in Goa.
Q 4. When would the baker come every day? Why did the children run to meet him?
Answer: The baker used to come twice in a day. First in the morning to sell breads. Later he came with his empty huge basket.
The children used to run to baker to eat bread bangles.
Q 5. Match the following. What is a must?
|As marriage gifts||Sweat bread called bol|
|For party or a feast||Bread|
|For a daughter’s engagement||Sandwiches|
|For Christmas||Cakes and bolinhas|
Q 6. What did the bakers wear:
1. in the Portuguese days?
2. when the author was young?
Answer: A shirt and a trousers that would reach just below the knees
Q 7. Who invites the comment — “he is dressed like a pader”? Why?
Answer: A person wearing trousers that reaches just below the knees is termed as being dresses like a ‘pader’.
It was a dress of a baker and bakers used to be called ‘pader’.
Q 8. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded?
Answer: The monthly accounts used to be recorded on a wall in pencil.
Q 9. What does a ‘jackfruit -like appearance’ mean?
Answer: Anybody who is round and plump is called having ‘jackfruit like appearance’.
Thinking about the Text
1. Which of these statements are correct?
(i) The pader was an important person in the village in old times. True
(ii) Paders still exist in Goan villages. True
(iii) The paders went away with the Portuguese. False
(iv) The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock. False
(v) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days. True
(vi) Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business. True
(vii) Paders and their families starve in the present times. False
2. Is bread an important part of Goan life? How do you know this?
Answer: Bread is indeed an important part of Goan life.
At every major social occasion a dish of bread needs to be prepared. A sweet bread called ‘bol’ must be prepared during marriages. Every party must have bread. On the occasion of engagement of her daughter, sandwiches must be prepared by the mother. On Christmas, cakes and bolinhas needs to be prepared. Hence we can conclude that bread is an important part of Goan life.
3. Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following?
(i) The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad) Nostalgic
(ii) Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad) Nostalgic
(iii) I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves. (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty) Nostalgic
(iv) The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny) Funny
(v) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. (sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact) Mater-of-fact
(vi) The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous. (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad) Mater-of-fact
Thinking about the Text
Q 1. Where is Coorg?
Answer: Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and Mangalore in Karnataka. It is the smallest district in Karnataka.
Q 2. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?
Answer: As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical.
According to another theory, people of Coorg are originally from Arab. This is supported because they wear a black coat with a waist belt.
Q 3. What are some of the things you now know about
(i) the people of Coorg?
Answer: People of Coorg are possibly from Greek or Arab origin. They are fiercely independent people. They are hospitable and brave people. Every house can recall story of valour of their forefathers. The first Chief of Indian Army, Gen Cariaapa was from Coorg. People of Coorg are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without license.
(ii) the main crop of Coorg?
Answer: Spices and coffee are main crops of Coorg.
(iii) the sports it offers to tourists?
Answer: Canoeing, trekking, river rafting, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking are the sports tourists enjoy in Coorg.
(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?
Answer: Langur, Kingfishers, squirrels, Elephants can be seen in Coorg. Various types of birds, fish, butterflies, slender loris and bees can also be seen,
(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?
Answer: Coorg is about 260 KM from Bangalore. There are routes to Coorg from Bangalore.
The first route is via Mysore.
The second route is via Neelmangal, Kunigal and Chanrayanapatna.
Q 4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)
(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)
To keep visitors away
(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)
As one story goes
(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)
More than willing to recount
(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)
The most laid back individuals become converts to the life of
(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)
(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy. (para 7)
Keep a watchful eyes
Thinking about Language
1. Here are some nouns from the text.
Culture, monks, surprise, experience, weather, tradition
Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.
Unique, terrible, unforgettable, serious, ancient, wide, sudden
(i) culture : unique culture, ancient culture
(ii) monks :Serious monks, ancient monks
(iii) surprise :unforgettable surprise, sudden surprise, pleasant surprise
(iv) experience : unique experience, terrible experience, wide experience
(v) weather :terrible weather, fair weather, lovely weather
(vi) tradition : unique tradition, Cultural tradition, family tradition
2. Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?
(i) tales of ———- – valour, kindness
(ii) coastal ———- – town, belt, area
(iii) a piece of——— – heaven, land, bread,
(iv) evergreen——— – rainforests, literature. song
(v)——– Plantations – coffee, tea
(vi)——–Bridge – rope, hanging
(vii) wild ———— – elephants, creatures,
TEA FROM ASSAM
Thinking about Language
I. 1. Look at these words: upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in).
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.
(i) A heavy downpour has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) Rakesh will undergo major surgery tomorrow morning.
(iii) My brother is responsible for the upkeep of our family property.
(iv) The dropout rate for this accountancy course is very high.
(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a walk-in interview.
2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.
Over, by, through, out, up, down
(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to overthrow the Government. (throw)
(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major breakthrough in cancer research. (break)
(iii) The State Government plans to build a bypass for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)
(iv) Gautama’s outlook on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
(v) Rakesh seemed unusually downcast after the game. (cast)
II. Notice how –ing and –ed adjectives are used.
1. Think of suitable -ing or -ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above.
How would you describe
(i) a good detective serial on television? Interseting
(ii) a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’? Interesting
(iii) how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain? Bored
(iv) how you feel when you open a present? Excited
(v) how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television? Interested
(vi) the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue? Boring
(vii) how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest? Excited
(viii) the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen? Boring
Thinking about the Poem
Q 1. (i) Find, in the first stanza, three things that cannot happen in a treeless forest.
Answer: Birds cannot live there, insects cannot hide there and there will be no shadow.
(ii) What picture do these words create in your mind: “… sun bury its feet in shadow…”? What could the poet mean by the sun’s ‘feet’?
Answer: Meaning of sun’s feet is rays of sun.
When there are no trees, the rays fall directly on the surface of earth. So there will be lot of heat. When there are trees on the surface of earth, the sun rays fall on the tree and shadows are created. This is the meaning of ‘sun burry its feet in shadow’.
Q 2. (i) Where are the trees in the poem? What do their roots, their leaves, and their twigs do?
Answer: The trees are in the house of the poet.
The roots are working throughout the night to disengage themselves from the cracks of veranda floor.
The leaves are pressing against the glass panes of window.
The small twigs have become stiff due to exertion of efforts.
(ii) What does the poet compare their branches to?
Answer: Poet compares the branches of trees to newly discharged patients from hospital. Such patients move towards exit of the hospital in a state of confusion. The boughs of trees are shuffling under the ceiling to go out of the house to get some fresh air.
Q 3. (i) How does the poet describe the moon: (a) at the beginning of the third stanza, and (b) at its end? What causes this change?
Answer: At the beginning of third stanza the poet describes that the complete moon is shining in the open sky.
Towards the end, poet describes the moon as pieces of broken mirror. Meaning that the moon is now visible in small parts.
This has happened because of growth of tree. Earlier there were no trees, so complete moon was visible. Now because of trees complete moon is not visible.
(ii) What happens to the house when the trees move out of it?
Answer: When trees are moving out, there is a sound of glass panes breaking.
When trees have moved out, the house becomes silent. There is no noise or voice.
(iii) Why do you think the poet does not mention “the departure of the forest from the house” in her letters? (Could it be that we are often silent about important happenings that are so unexpected that they embarrass us? Think about this again when you answer the next set of questions.)
Answer: Poet thinks that movement of trees to outside environment or forest may not be valued much by human beings. Although growth of forest and greenery is important for human being, but they seem to neglect this aspect. Hence the poet does not mention it in her letters.
Q 4. Now that you have read the poem in detail, we can begin to ask what the poem might mean. Here are two suggestions. Can you think of others?
(i) Does the poem present a conflict between man and nature? Compare it with A Tiger in the Zoo. Is the poet suggesting that plants and trees, used for ‘interior decoration’ in cities while forests are cut down, are ‘imprisoned’, and need to ‘break out’?
Answer: The poem is a conflict between man and nature. In the greed for comforts and pleasure man is destroying nature. At the same he understands that nature is so much important for him. But man has become so engrossed in himself that he has intentionally shut his eyes.
For his own pleasure man has brought wild animals into cage. Their natural abode forests have been destroyed by man. Thus both poem have a similarity.
The poet suggests that it is the need of the hour to plant more trees in the vacant land. Having decorative plants within the house is not sufficient. Free air and space is required for plants to flourish. In this sense the indoor plants also want to go out and breathe freely.
(ii) On the other hand, Adrienne Rich has been known to use trees as a metaphor for human beings; this is a recurrent image in her poetry. What new meanings emerge from the poem if you take its trees to be symbolic of this particular meaning?
Answer: If trees were to represent human beings, we can infer a new meaning to the poem. Owing to constant pursuit of comforts man has become confined to his own house. The belongingness and social aspects have taken a back seat. Such condition has put lot of emotional stress on human beings. They want to unshackle it and emerge into free space to enjoy the nature.
If trees were to be taken as women, it gives yet another meaning to the poem. Since ages, women have been put under restriction and confinement. Personal growth and development have been denied to them. But thought process of women has now grown. They are now aware of their rights, freedom and abilities. Women of this era want to grow in the world hitherto denied to them.