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SA 7. Which art does Nek Chand represent?

 

Answer: Nek Chand represents ‘outsider art’ or the ‘no right’ artists.

He did not receive any formal training in art. Inspite of this, he created sculputures with stone and recycled material. The world today knows his creation as the Rock Garden, at Chandigarh.

English CBSE Class 11 NCERT Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul Extra Questions and Answers – Extract Based Questions Short Answer Questions Long Answer Questions and Value Based Questions

LANDSCAPE OF THE SOUL

(Extra Questions)

Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)

SA 1. What is an old tale about Wu Daozi?

Answer: Wu Daozi had made painting for the Emperor. This painting was shown only to the Emperor. Wu clapped his hands and an entrance to the gate opened. Wu walked into it and the entrance closed. Immediately the painting also vanished.

SA 2. What does books of Confucius and Zhuangzi preach?

Answer: Books of these two famous people narrate the classical education pattern of China. These played an important part in the education system of china. These books helped the master to guide his disciple in right direction.

 

SA 3. Why did the other painter not draw eye of a dragon? Which school of painting he belongs to – Chinese or Western?

Answer: One of the painter did not draw eyes of dragon. He had a fear that the dragon may become alive and come out of the painting.

He belonged to the western school of painting.

 

SA 4. Why did the blacksmith paint a fly on a panel of a painter?

Answer: The blacksmith had fallen in love with daughter of a painter. The painter refused marriage because of his profession.

To prove his skill in the painting the blacksmith drew a fly on a panel in the studio of painter.

 

SA 5. What does the horizontal scroll of a Chinese painting present to the viewer?

Answer: The horizontal scroll presents different sections of the landscape. Each section is different from the previous one. The viewer is thus able to see the painting in different time frame and different perspective.

 

SA 6. How did Quinten Metsys marry his beloved?

Answer: Quinten Metsys , a blacksmith fell in love with daughter of a painter. But the painter refused the marriage because of his profession.

To prove his skill the blacksmith drew a fly in the studio of painter. The fly looked real. Thereupon the painter agreed for marriage of his daughter.

SA 7. Which art does Nek Chand represent?

Answer: Nek Chand represents ‘outsider art’ or the ‘no right’ artists.

He did not receive any formal training in art. Inspite of this, he created sculputures with stone and recycled material. The world today knows his creation as the Rock Garden, at Chandigarh.

SA 8: What was the Quinten Metsys proposal to the painter? 

Answer: Quint Metsys had fallen in love with the daughter of the painter. He wanted to marry the daughter of the painter. But the painter was not ready to accept him as his son-in-law.

 

Long Answer questions (120-150 words)

LA 1. In terms of Chinese landscape, describe importance of painting of Wu Daoiz?

Answer: The painting of Wu Daoiz has a prominent place in the Chinese landscape.

Wu was sent for by an Emperor to make a painting. This painting was made on a wall of the palace. A curtain was put in front of the painting so that only the Emperor could see the painting.

The Emperor admired the discovering forests, high mountains, waterfalls and clouds floating in the immense sky. The painter told the Emperor, “ The inside is splendid. Let me show you the way”. He clapped his hands, an entrance to the cave at the foot of mountain opened. The painter entered into it. And soon the gate closed. The painting also vanished from the wall. The painter was never seen again.

This story emphasizes importance of inner life and spirit. The viewer is also an active participant of the landscape.

 

LA 2. Why is Nek Chand famous for? How did he get appreciation from at the international arena?

Answer: Nek Chand is regarded as an untutored genius who has created a paradise. Long ago he started clearing a little patch of jungle near Chandigarh. Here he installed sculptures created in stone. He also created a large number of sculptures using recycled material. Through his creative approach he proved that any broken or discarded material could be used for making art work. Collection of all these art work has become known as Rock Garden. Large number of people visit the Rock Garden.

Raw Vision, a UK-based magazine featured Nek Chand, and his Rock Garden sculpture ‘Women by the Waterfall’ on its anniversary issue’s cover. The Swiss Commission of UNESCO had honoured him by awarding an exposition of his works in Europe. A five month interactive show was held in museums of four countries under the banner ‘Realm of Nek Chand’. These two events made Nek Chand famous at international level.

 

LA 3. What is ‘raw art’ or the ‘outsider art’? How did Nek Chand contribute towards it?

Answer: The ‘raw art’ or the outsider art’ are the terms used for describing artworks created by people who have not had formal training in arts.

Nek Chand is regarded as an untutored genius who has created a paradise. Long ago he started clearing a little patch of jungle near Chandigarh. Here he installed sculptures created in stone. He also created a large number of sculptures using recycled material. Through his creative approach he proved that any broken or discarded material could be used for making art work. Collection of all these art work has become known as Rock Garden. Large number of people visit the Rock Garden. His work has been recognized at various forums at international level also.

Thus through his hard work and creativity Nek Chand made a significant contribution to ‘outsider art’.

 

The Voice of the Rain

(Textbook Questions)

 

Extract Based Questions

EB 1. And who art thou? said I to the soft-falling shower,

Which, strange to tell, gave me an answer, as here translated:

I am the Poem of Earth, said the voice of the rain,

(i) What is meant by ‘who art thou’?

Answer: who are you.

(ii) To whom does the word ‘which’ refer to in above extract?

Answer: Rain

(iii) Which poetic device is used in ‘voice of rain’?

Answer: Personification

(iv) Which word in the extract is synonym of ‘weird’?

Answer: Strange

 

EB 2. Eternal I rise impalpable out of the land and the bottomless sea,

Upward to heaven, whence, vaguely form’d, altogether changed, and yet the same,

I descend to lave the droughts, atomies, dust-layers of the globe,

(i) Who is referred to as ‘I’ in above extract?

Answer: Rain.

(ii) Which word in the extract mean ‘from where’?

Answer: Whence

(iii) Explain ‘altogether changed, and yet the same’.

Answer: Water vapours are changed to water droplets. Yet the constituent is water.

(iv) What is the poetic device is used in ‘bottomless sea’?

Answer: Hyperbole.

(v) Which word in the extract mean ‘bathe’?

Answer: Lave

(vi) Which word in the extract mean ‘everlasting’?

Answer: Eternal

EB 3. And all that in them without me were seeds only, latent, unborn;

And forever, by day and night, I give back life to my own origin,

And make pure and beautify it;

(i) What has been referred to as ‘my own origin’?

Answer: The Earth

(ii) Which word in the extract mean ‘inactive’?

Answer: Latent

(ii) To whom does the word ‘me’ refer to?

Answer: Rain

(iii) What happens to earth when rain falls on it?

Answer: Seeds start germinating. Everything becomes pure and beautiful

 

Short Answer Questions (30-40 words)

SA 1. What is the birth place of rain?

Answer: Rain originates from water bodies on earth and bottomless sea. The vapour rises high in the sky. There it gets converted into water droplets and fall to the Earth in the form of rain.

 

SA 2. What changes are caused at Earth due to rain?

Answer: When seeds come in contact with water, they start germinating. Drought areas, atomies and dust layers on the globe become wet. Everything at earth becomes pure, beautiful and full of life.

 

SA 3. What message is given by poet through the poem ‘The Voice of Rain’?

Answer: The rain does its duty without bothering about recognition from anybody. Human beings should give importance to their duties.

The rain travels a lot and finally comes back to benefit its origin. Human beings should remain connected to their roots.

 

SA 4. Explain the term ‘altogether changed yet the same’.

Answer: Rain originated from water bodies. It rises in the sky in the form of water vapours. There it get condensed in the form of water droplets. Change in its form is a major event. However the constituent remains the same.

 

SA 5. Why does the poet call rain as ‘impalpable’?.

Answer: Rain originates from water bodies and bottomless sea in the form of water vapours. We cannot see this process. We cannot touch water vapours being formed.

Hence it is called impalpable.

 

Long Answer questions (120-150 words)

LA 1. Please explain in details the message given through the poem ‘The Voice of Rain’.

Answer: The rain rises from water bodies. It changes its form to water droplets up in the sky. Then it descend on the Earth to germinate seeds, to lave droughts, atomies and dust layers of the globe. The rain does its duty without bothering about recognition from anybody. Human beings should also give importance to their duties. This should be irrespective of the credit being given or denied.

The rain starting from its formation travels a lot. It rises above to great height in the sky. Travels a lot in the form of clouds. Finally descends on the earth to benefit its origin, to make it pure and beautiful. Human beings should remain connected to their roots. However high they rise in their career and life, they should remain connected to their roots,

Above two messages are given through the poem.

 

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