English CBSE Class 12 NCERT Vistas Chapter 8 Memories Of Childhood Free Solution of Textbook Questions and Answers
MEMORIES OF CHILDHOOD
(Text Book Questions & Answers)
Reading with Insight
Q 1. The two accounts that you read above are based in two distant cultures. What is the commonality of theme found in both of them?
Answer: These two are autobiographical stories of difficulties and feelings of two teen age girls. The first is set in Native American culture and the second is set in Indian culture.
Hair of Zitkala were shingled in her boarding school because of racial discrimination. Her shoes were replaced and her shoulder blanket was taken away. A section of people considered themselves superior to Native American.
Bama experienced untouchability at her tender age. People from upper caste openly humiliated people of other community. People from lower castes were living in a separate space of the village. They were not allowed to touch other people or their eatable.
Thus both narrations are stories of social evil and oppression of people based on colour and caste.
Finally both became writer to express their feelings. They both adopted a pen name.
Q 2. It may take a long time for oppression to be resisted, but the seeds of rebellion are sowed early in life. Do you agree that injustice in any form cannot escape being noticed even by children?
Answer: Children are very innocent. They do not understand meaning of hatred or injustice. However they are very good observers of anything happening around them. Such things make an indelible impression on their heart and mind.
On her very first day Zitkala-Sa describes her first impression of school as bitter-cold. She has observed everything happening around in details. She seems to objecting to every change because these were against her culture. When Judewin told that their hair would be shingled, Zitkala decided to rebel. She tried her best to resist the activity.
Carrying of eatables in a stringed parcel was very funny for Bama. She had observed this activity very minutely. But when she was explained the reason of such an act, she immediately revolted. She said that she herself wanted to touch those wretched vadais.
Thus we may conclude that children always make a note of every injustice.
Q 3. Bama’s experience is that of a victim of the caste system. What kind of discrimination does Zitkala-Sa’s experience depict? What are their responses to their respective situations?
Answer: Zitkala-Sa belonged to Native American community. Those running the boarding school thought of themselves superior to local people. In the name of discipline, they made different rules for local students. The Native Americans were not allowed to keep long hair, wear moccasins or keep a scarf on shoulders. Zitkala-Sa felt much embraced at those changes. These were signs of racial discrimination on local people.
Bama experienced the evils of caste system in the society. People of her community were secluded from the mainstream. They were insulted and humiliated.
Both Zitkala and Bama studied very hard and acquired sufficient knowledge. They wanted to remove darkness of discrimination through light of education.
Finally each of them became a writer.