Unseen Passage is an important constituent of the reading section. Students may do practice through following examples to improve their performance.


Passage 13




Q 1. What do power foods provide?

Answer: Power foods provide rich levels of nutrients like fibre, potassium and minerals.

Q 2. Why including onion and garlic with chickpea is helpful?

Answer: Sulphur compounds in onion and garlic help in the absorption of iron and zinc from chickpeas.

Q 3. Which combination is recommended after exercise? What are the main nutrients in it?

Answer: Yoghurt and banana are recommended after exercise. Yoghurt is rich in protein and banana is rich in carbohydrate.

Q 4. What is the quick method for preparing power food with chickpea?

Answer: A quick way to prepare chickpea power food is to make a chickpea salad with chopped onions, chaat masala and dhania.

Q 5. What benefits one can expect to get from yoghurt and banana?

Answer: Yoghurt helps preserve muscle mass, Banana helps in refuelling energy and preventing muscle soreness.

Q 6. Why lemon juice should be added to green tea?

Answer: Green tea is rich in catechins which is effective in halting oxidative damage to cells. Adding a small quantity of lemon juice make catechins even more easily absorbable by the body.

Q 7.Fill in the blanks

  1. There are various ways of incorporating power _____ in your daily diet.
  2. Iron deficiency can lead to anaemia, __________ , brain fog and tiredness.
  3. Exercising burns glucose and thus lowers __________ sugar.


  1. foods
  2. fatigue
  3. blood

Q 8. Please write the word used in the passage as

  1. Synonym of ‘aware’ (para 1)
  2. Synonym of ‘shortage’ (para 2)
  3. Synonym of ‘popular’ (para 2)
  4. Synonym of ‘ideal’ (para 3)


  1. Conscious
  2. Deficiency
  3. Hit
  4. Perfect

Vocabulary Building

Word Meaning
Rich levels High levels
Health conscious Aware about health
Incorporate Include
Season-fresh foods Fresh foods available in its season
Chickpeas White grams (chhola)
Deficiency Shortage
Hit Popular
Diligent about Particular about, Attentive
Chopped Cut into small pieces
Packed with Full of
Refuelling Getting once again, Filling once again
Muscle soreness Suffering from pain in muscles
Smoothie A thick juice – like banana shake or apple shake
Halt Stop
You have friends over You have friends with you or at your home

Passage 14


Q 1. By weight how much water a human body has? What is the biggest reason for death of children?

Answer: By weight about 60% of human body is water.

Dehydration is the biggest reason for death of children.

Q 2. What proportion of world lives in water scarcity area? What does this amount to in absolute numbers?

Answer: About one-fifth of world population lives in water scarcity area. It amount to about 1.1 billion people.

Q 3. What is meant by ‘economic water shortage’?

Answer: When existing water resources cannot be used because of lack of investment in water related infrastructure, it is called ‘economic water shortage’.

Q 4. How is economic water shortage different from physical water scarcity?

Answer: In case of economic water shortage water is available but cannot be used because of lack of investment.

In case of physical water scarcity, water is not available in required quantity.

Q 5. What is predicted about scenario in 2050?

Answer: The world population would be about 9 billion. This will further stress on water sourcing and supply system.

Q 6. What methods have been suggested for conservation of water?

Answer: Reduction in water usage for agriculture, recycling of water, extensive rainwater harvesting programme, stoppage of run-offs and water pollution.

Q 7. Fill in the blanks

  1. Life without energy is _________ unthinkable.
  2. The _______________ of energy and water is evident.
  3. No water, no ______ and no energy.


  1. equally
  2. interdependence
  3. food

Q 8. Please write the word used in the passage as

  1. Antonym of ‘smallest’ (para 1)
  2. Synonym of ‘consumption’ (para 2)
  3. Synonym of ‘more’ (para 4)
  4. Antonym of ‘restricted’ (para 5)


  1. biggest
  2. intake
  3. further
  4. extensive

Vocabulary Building

Word Meaning
Integral Inherent, Essential
Dehydration Lack of water in living beings
Evident Obvious, Noticeable, Clear
Scarcity Shortage
Lack of Shortage
Further More
Extensive Widespread, Large scale
Rely Depend


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