Note Making is an important constituent of the reading section. Students may do practice through following examples to improve their performance.


(Example 3)

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Q 1. Make notes on the above passage using proper abbreviations and suggest a suitable title.

Q 2. Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words

Title of the passage: Delhi – Pollution of Ganges River

Note Making

  1. Main reasons of pollution

         1.1 Open swg system

         1.2 Soil erosion

         1.3 Plastic Garbage

     2. Pollution due to industry

         2.1 Industl. waste

         2.2 Leather indust.

         2.3 Growth of indst.

     3. Pollution due to faith

         3.1 Animal carcs.

         3.2 Bathing

         3.3 Pilgm months

     4. Extent of pollution

         4.1 > WHO stands

         4.2 High bacteria

     5. Hope

         5.1 Cleaning drive

         5.2 Loan from WB

Key to abbreviation
swg Sewage
Indstl Industrial
indst Industries
carcs Carcasses
plgm Pilgrim
> more than
stands standards
WB World Bank


Main reasons for pollution of Ganges River are open sewage system, no treatment of sewage, soil erosion and dumping of plastic garbage. Industrial waste particularly from leather industry is another cause. Industrial growth will increase the pollution. Because of religious faith carcasses are thrown into river. People routinely take bath and it increases during various pilgrimage months. Extent of pollution is more than 2800 time WHO standards. Bacteria level is more than 3000 times WHO standards. Government has taken cleaning exercise. World Bank has given a loan of $ 1 billion for this work. This loan will certainly be helpful.



Leave a Reply

error: Content is protected !!